Life Of Aristotle -- By: Edwards A. Park
Bsac 1:1 (Feb 1844) p. 39
Life Of Aristotle
Bartlet Professor in Andover Theol. Seminary.
The following article has been compiled from several works and fragments of ancient and modern historians. The ancient biographies which have been employed are, first, that by Diogenes Laertius; secondly, that by Ammonius, who for distinction’s sake is denominated Pseudo-Ammonius; thirdly, that which is sometimes called the Latin Biography, and sometimes the Ancient Translation, the writer of which is unknown; fourthly, that which
Bsac 1:1 (Feb 1844) p. 40
is usually designated as the Biography of the Anonymous Author and was first edited by Menage; fifthly, that by Dionysius of Halicamassus; sixthly, that by Hesychius Milesius; seventhly, that by Suidas. All of these are contained in Bulile’s Edition of the works of Aristotle, Vol. I. pp. 3-79. Of the modern biographies which have been examined, one is by Buhle in the above cited volume, pp. 80-104, one by Tennemann in the third volume of his History of Philosophy, pp. 21-39, one by Bitter in his Hist, of the Ancient Phil. pp. 1-32 (Morrison’s Translation), one by Erdmann, and by far the most important, by Stahr.1 To the treatise of the last named author is the ensuing memoir indebted more than to any other. Much of the arrangement which Stahr has adopted, and not a little of his style have been transferred to these pages. He has, however, omitted some notices which the writer of the present article has inserted. His arrangement, too, has not been followed in all instances; his opinions have not uniformly, although they have for the most part been acquiesced in, and this phraseology cannot be said to have been translated but to have been sometimes borrowed in a paraphrase by the present writer. This article, then, may be considered as written after a careful study of the above cited treatises ancient and modern, and chiefly, though by no means entirely, on the basis of Dr. Adolf Stahr’s Life of Aristotle, contained in the first part of his Aristotelia, pp. 3-188.
In a journal devoted to theological literature no apology is needed for inserting the memoir of a man, who is called by Jerome “a wonder of the world,” declared by Jonsius to have been “the most pious of all the heathen,” pronounced “a saint” by some catholic divines in the sixteenth century, and regarded with so great reverence by many preachers in the middle ages, that they selected passages from his works instead of the Bible for the texts of their sermons. On the other hand, he has been the abhorrence of many divines on account of the supposed conflict of his philosophy with the spirit of the Gospel, and so resistless has been his domination over the the...
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