Select Notices And Intelligence -- By: Anonymous
BSac 1:3 (Aug 1844) p. 604
Select Notices And Intelligence
A very interesting work was published in 1843, by Karl von Raumer, professor at Erlangen, entitled, Geschichte der Pädagogik vom wiederaufblühen klassischer Studien bis auf unsere Zeit. “History of Education from the revival of classical studies to the present time.” It is contained in two elegantly printed volumes of about 400 pages each, and embraces the substance of a course of lectures delivered at various times from 1822 to 1842. The author is well known by his valuable geographical work on Palestine and other publications. The principal topics which pass under review, are the Middle ages, Italy from the birth
BSac 1:3 (Aug 1844) p. 605
of Dante to the death of Petrarch, Development of classic culture in Italy from the death of Petrarch to Leo X, Leo X. and his times, Transition to Germany, Life and labors of Agricola, Wessel, Hegius, Erasmus, Reuchlin, etc. In respect to the influence of the Colloquies of Erasmus, the author thus speaks: “Certainly the Colloquies must work an injurious effect on the sentiments and morality of the young. A cold, lifeless satire, frivolity and double-meaning, is poison to youthful simplicity. Erasmus is admirably clear and eloquent when he handles that which is purely scientific. But he was not the man to write books for children, to talk to children with a father’s heart and to care for their spiritual good. The unhappy man had no father’s house, no father’s land, no church; he had nothing, for which he could make any self-sacrifice, consequently he was selfish, timorous, double-minded; he lacked love. No wonder that he fell out altogether with the frank, brave Luther,—with this honest, loving pastor of his Germans.” The subjects next treated are the Reformation, the Jesuits and Realism. The influence of Bacon’s writings on education is exhibited with ability and at considerable length. The second volume embraces the period from the death of Bacon to that of Pestalozzi. It treats, among other topics and persons, of the Thirty year’s war in Germany, Comenius, of the century after the peace of Westphalia, Locke, Francke, Rousseau, the philanthropists and Pestalozzi. In this survey of the history of education, von Raumer takes a truly elevated and christian position. He appears also to have a fine talent for condensing his materials, and for presenting in a clear manner the results of an extensive study of the original sources. These volumes, together with the Histories of Education by Schwartz (Erziehungslehre, 3 vols. 1829), and Cramer (Geschichte der Erziehung und des Unterrichts im Alterthume, 2 vols. 1832), afford ample materials for a complete view of the whole subject.
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