The Alleged Discrepancy Between John And The Other Evangelists Respecting Our Lord’s Last Passover -- By: E. Robinson
BSac 2:7 (Aug 1845) p. 405
The Alleged Discrepancy Between John And The Other Evangelists Respecting Our Lord’s Last Passover
Prof. in Union Theol. Seminary, New York.
Ever since the earliest centuries of the Christian era, a difference of opinion has existed in the church, as to the point, whether our Lord’s last meal with his disciples, on the evening before his crucifixion, was the ordinary paschal supper of the Jews. The question may be stated in other forms; as for example: Did the crucifixion of our Lord follow or precede the Jewish paschal supper? Was the Friday on which Jesus suffered, the fourteenth or the fifteenth day of the month Nisan? But it is obvious, that in all these forms the point at issue is the same; and the solution must in all depend upon the same evidence and arguments.
In the following Article I propose briefly to survey this field of controversy; partly because of the intrinsic importance and difficulties of the subject itself; and partly because, in late years, these difficulties have been brought forward very prominently by some of the commentators of Germany; and have been made the ground, sometimes, of fierce assault upon a single Gospel, and at other times, of systematic efforts against the credibility and authority of all the Evangelists. It will, I trust, be made to appear, that these efforts are all in vain; and that the truth of God stands forever sure. We shall be led to see, I think, that here, as well as elsewhere, the longer such efforts are continued, and the greater the learning and skill with which they are conducted, the more clearly will the grand result be brought out to view, and the strik-
BSac 2:7 (Aug 1845) p. 406
ing truth be more and more developed, that a fundamental characteristic everywhere manifest in the testimony of the four evangelists, is Unity in Diversity.
As the events of our Lord’s Passion were so intimately connected with the celebration of the Passover, it seems proper here to bring together in one view those circumstances relating to that festival, which may serve to illustrate the sacred history, and thus prepare the way for a better understanding of the main point to be discussed.
I. Time Of Killing The Paschal Lamb.
The paschal lamb (or kid, Ex. 12:5) was to be selected on the tenth day of the first month, Ex. 12:3. On the fourteenth day of the same month, (called Abib in the Pentateuch, and later Nisan, Deut 16:1. Esth. 3:7, ) the lamb thus selected was to be killed, at a point of time designated b...
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