Roman Slavery. -- By: J. O. Lincoln
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Prof, of Latin in Brown University.
Translated from the German of Dr. W. A. Becker, Professor in the University of Leipsic.
[The following article is a translation from a learned work of Prof W. A. Becker, entitled “A Manual of Roman Antiquities,” now in course of publication in Germany. The first Part appeared in 1843, and is devoted to the subject of Roman Topography. It consists of two minor parts, the first embracing the sources of information, and the literature of the subject; and the second, the Topography itself. Accompanying this Part are a P]an of the City, prepared under the personal direction of the author, and four Plates, illustrative of the Fora, the Capitol, Fragments of the Capitoline Plan and Roman Coins. This Treatise on Topography has attracted great attention in Germany; and has been the subject for the most part, of very favorable criticism; and even its severe reviewer, Prof. Preller of Dorpat, in the Jena Journal,1 concedes to it the highest distinction in this department of labor, and calls it “the most useful Manual of Roman Antiquities.” This review has elicited a rejoinder from the author, which has appeared as a Supplement to the First Part of the Manual, under the significant title of “A Warning,” and, we fancy, will effect the author’s purpose, of clearing the lists of all antagonists, who are not duly armed and equipped for the contest. The controversy involves the merits of what may be called the Italian and the German schools of Roman Topography; and Prof. Preller, a distinguished laborer in classical Archaeology, having spent the winter of 1843—44 hi Rome, and prosecuted his topographical investigations in habits of daily intercourse with Canina and with the scholars there associated
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in the Archaeological Society, has come forth, on his return to Germany, as the champion of the Italian school, to rescue its fallen honor from the victorious hands of Dr. Becker. This matter is perhaps not yet at an end; but it may be safely concluded, that Roman topography has suffered no material injury under the treatment of Dr. Becker. The truth is, and we speak not without personal knowledge, the labors of Prof. Preller, though characterized by great ability, and conducted in connection with daily investigations on the spot, have not sprung from purely professional aims, nor been animated by an independent love of science, but have been largely mingled with private and local prejudices, and imbued with the zeal and spirit of party. This whole subject deserves an extended review; but we only remark in this passing notice, that it remains to be seen, whether the thorough philolo...
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