Select Notices And Intelligence -- By: Anonymous

Journal: Bibliotheca Sacra
Volume: BSAC 003:9 (Feb 1846)
Article: Select Notices And Intelligence
Author: Anonymous

Select Notices And Intelligence

We have just received the fourteenth edition of Gesenius’s Hebrew Grammar, revised by Prof. Rödiger of Halle and published during the last year. The work has undergone numerous changes of great interest to the Hebrew student. Rödiger was a pupil of Gesenius and associated with him in the prosecution of various literary labors. While he remains true in the main to the principles of his teacher, he shows himself faithful also to the nature of philological science, which must be indebted for its perfection to successive laborers, and to which every one is bound to furnish his contribution. The general reputation of Prof. Rödiger as an orientalist, is well known. He is especially eminent as an exact, scientific grammarian. To the subject of Hebrew Grammar in

particular he has paid great attention; and is accustomed to lecture upon it, as a part of his University course of instruction. The framework of the present grammar remains unaltered; the divisions and paragraphs are the same; but hardly a single section presents itself, which does not discover either enlargement or correction. The doctrine of the aspirates, as well as the theory of the vowels and sheva, will be found to be very considerably modified, as compared with the statements of Gesenius. The sections on the article, the verbal suffixes and several classes of the irregular verbs, have also been subjected to important modifications. The eighty-eighth section is entirely new, containing some ingenious speculations in respect to the remains of ancient case-endings in the Hebrew. The mode of designating the principal divisions of the verb has been altered. After the example of Ewald, the terms Praeter and Future are discarded, and those of Perfect and Imperfect substituted for them. The Syntax also shows traces of revision in every part. There was room here for still greater improvement; but the editor did not feel himself at liberty to depart from the original character of the work, to such an extent as would have been necessary in order to bring it into accordance with his own ideas of what is required in this department of Hebrew Grammar. Since the death of Gesenius, a new edition of his Hebrew Reading Book has also been published, under the care of Dr. de Wette, of Basel. This is now the seventh time that this popular work has been re-printed.

A work under the title of Elementary Book of the Hebrew Language has just appeared, 1845, from Dr. G. H. Seffer, teacher in one of the gymnasia at Leipsic. It is, so far as we know, the first attempt which has been made to transfer to the Hebrew a method of study, which has long been pursued with success in Latin and Greek grammars. Each paragraph is followed by a series of exercises, illustrating and apply...

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