Notes On Biblical Geography -- By: E. Robinson

Journal: Bibliotheca Sacra
Volume: BSAC 004:14 (May 1847)
Article: Notes On Biblical Geography
Author: E. Robinson


Notes On Biblical Geography

E. Robinson

I. Site of Hazor

In the Number of this work for Feb. 1846, p. 213, after assigning the reasons which go to fix the position of Hazor “on the south of Kedesh in Naphthali, somewhere on the way between Kedesh and Safed,” I suggested that “it is a matter well worth the attention of future travellers, to ascertain whether there exists in that district any remains, or any name, which may correspond to the name and the features of the ancient Hazor.”

I was not then aware, that something had already been done in this respect. On mentioning the subject to the Rev. Eli Smith, after the article was printed, he informed me that while at Kedes in April 1844, his attention had been directed to a large Tell called Khureibeh some distance south of Kedes, on which were said to be ruins. He kindly furnished me with the following extract from his journal, with the accompanying remarks. If Khureibeh be not Hazor, it is at least deserving of further examination; and we may hope that Hazor may yet be identified, either there or in that region.

Khureibeh is a Tell, apparently with ruins on it, at the south end of the plain of Kedes. Its bearing from Kedes is 186°. Just there, in a deep ravine, the Wady el-Mûadhdhamîyeh [coming from near el-Jîsh] finds its way into the plain of the Hûleh, at the fountain of Mellâhah.”

“The above is all the notice my journal contains respecting Khureibeh. We did not visit it; and I can add but little from recollection. It rises from an uneven tract, apparently on the north side of the deep ravine. I should judge it to be less than three miles from Kedes; and though aided by a spy-glass, I could not determine, whether the appearance of ruins on it might not be natural rocks. The name implies that it is a ruin. Should this turn out to be the Hazor of Scripture, perhaps the fountain Mellâhah may be the En-Hazor of Josh. 19:37.”

II. Antiquities on the route from Ba’albek to Hamath and Aleppo

It is singular that in respect to just these regions, certainly among the most accessible in Syria, we have less information than of almost any other. Of the tract between Ba’albek and Hums, we have as yet only Buckingham’s meagre notes, (Arab Tribes, p. 486 sq.,) and the still briefer ones of W. H. Barker on his visit to the sources of the Orontes; Jour, of Lond. Geogr. Soc. 1837. Between Hamath and Aleppo, the direct

road usually followed by travellers and caravans, presents little of interest; but a route further to the west, which Burckhardt took, leads through a region full of...

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