Commentary On The Vision On Ezekiel Introductory To His Prophecy -- By: Havernick

Journal: Bibliotheca Sacra
Volume: BSAC 005:20 (Nov 1848)
Article: Commentary On The Vision On Ezekiel Introductory To His Prophecy
Author: Havernick


Commentary On The Vision On Ezekiel Introductory To His Prophecy

Havernick

[In the last Number of the Bibliotheca Sacra, we inserted Prof. Hävernick’s Introductory Observations to his Commentary on Ezekiel. We now give a specimen of the Commentary itself, embracing the first two chapters and a part of the third chapter. This passage, describing the solemn inauguration of the prophet to his work, is one of the most important and interesting in the whole compass of the prophetical writings. In order to derive satisfaction and profit from the explanation of this extraordinary vision, it is not necessary to accede to all the critical remarks and conclusions of the lamented author.—E.]

The glory of Jehovah is revealed to the prophet as coming from the North, in wonderful appearance upon the cherubim, chap. 1. The prophet thereby becomes sure of his calling and qualification to go forth among his people as God’s instrument, 2:1–7. To this end, with the call which is given him, he receives at the same time a complete view of the work before him ; its chief purport is the cry of woe against Jerusalem, the announcement of the punitive judgment of God.

In order properly to appreciate this purport, it is necessary first of all to glance at the historical occasion of the same. The time is the fourth month of the fifth year of the reign of Zedekiah, 1:1 sq. Under the sad reign of this fickle and hypocritical ruler, the misery which had already broken out upon Judah was hastening with rapid steps to its completion. Only a few in Jerusalem in those days of wretchedness had kept their vision pure and unclouded, and full of humility, were enabled to look deeper into the counsels of God which were becoming manifest to his people. The majority were seized with a wretched infatuation with regard to the destiny of the theocracy ; a presumptuous arrogance, as if ruin were not to be thought of, had pervaded the royal court. To stand against all this, Jeremiah was called as a witness to the truth in Jerusalem, ch. 28. Already, because of the dependency of Zedekiah upon Babylon, there existed an active commerce between the exiles and their brethren at home, Ez. 33:21. Accordingly, with the embassy of Zedekiah at the beginning of his reign to Nebuchadnezzar, Jeremiah sent a letter which is very characteristic for the condition of the Babylonian Jews at that time. These were in a state of no less grievous self-deception than those who were left at home. By an appeal to earlier prophecies, Jeremiah strikes dow...

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