Exegetical And Theological Examination Of John 1:1-18. -- By: M. Stuart

Journal: Bibliotheca Sacra
Volume: BSAC 007:26 (Apr 1850)
Article: Exegetical And Theological Examination Of John 1:1-18.
Author: M. Stuart


Exegetical And Theological Examination Of John 1:1-18.

M. Stuart

In the preceding number of this Miscellany, a somewhat extended view was given of what may be said in the way of illustrating the first verse, in this portion of the Gospel of John. The importance and difficulty of the subject required, in order to accomplish my design, a much more copious discussion than is necessary in regard to any particular portion of the remainder of the prologue. The exegetical demands of the text will now be the leading object of our attention; although I do not, in the present case, prescribe to myself the limits which a mere exegesis would impose.

V. 2. Οὗτος ἦν ἐν ἀρχῇ πρὸς τὸν θεόν

The same was in the beginning with God.

The demonstrative οὗτος here refers, of course, to the subject immediately preceding, viz. ὁ λόγος. It was perhaps for the sake of such a reference, that the writer put ὁ λόγος at the close of the preceding verse, and not before ἦν. The reason why John adopted the demonstrative pronoun here rather than to repeat the noun which it represents, seems to have been to save the too frequent repetition of ὁ λόγος. As the text stands, οὗτος represents the λόγος who was θεος, and so, in this way, it virtually comprises a repetition of the last clause of v. 1. As to the reason of the repetition itself which is contained in v. 2, I have already stated my views, p. 38 seq. of the preceding Number. The manifest intensity which is indicated by the repetition, denotes earnest opposition to false sentiment. A progress in the development of facts or truths by the addition of new matter, is not made in v. 2. But the intensity of the writer’s convictions is represented with additional impetus, in consequence of this verse; and on this account, the declaration which it makes cannot well be viewed as useless, nor as mere tautology.

V. 3. Πάντα δἰ αὐτοῦ ἐγένετο, καὶ χωρις αὐτοῦ ἐγένετο οὐδὲ, ὃ γέονεν

All things were made by him, and without him was no one thing made which was made.

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