Review Of Champlin’s Æschines -- By: Anonymous

Journal: Bibliotheca Sacra
Volume: BSAC 007:27 (Jul 1850)
Article: Review Of Champlin’s Æschines
Author: Anonymous

Review Of Champlin’s Æschines

The Oration of Æschines against Ctesiphon, with notes by J. T. Champlin, Professor of Greek and Latin in Waterville College. Cambridge: John Bartlett, 1850.

Two editions of the oration of. Æschines on the Crown have been presented to the American public. Of the first, prepared by Mr. Negris, a Greek then domiciliated in this country, it will not be thought harsh to affirm that the editor was very inadequate to his task; that his principles of criticism led him into the most rash alterations of the text; that he betrays great ignorance of Greek history and antiquities; and that he has either misinterpreted or passed over in silence the few difficult passages which interrupt the easy flow of this oration. Mr. Champlin, on the other hand, has adopted a reputable text; he has explained all the difficulties which demanded an explanation from his hands; and is usually au courant of Grecian antiquities. In one particular, to say nothing of others, he has improved upon his edition of the rival oration of Demosthenes, by more mastery over the English language in his translations, which in his earlier work are sometimes not a little awkward.

Mr. Negris published the orations of Æschines and Demosthenes together, but with no preface calculated to make known to the student how and why the suit was brought. Mr. Champlin’s edition of the oration of Æschines being apparently an afterthought, he has not been able to pursue a well ordered plan, including both the orations. This is to be regretted, and it is greatly to be desired, that at some future day Mr. C. should publish the two together, with a common introduction embracing the most important historical, and archaeological topics; to which reference might continually be made throughout the notes. There are no remains of antiquity where the allusions to the events and institutions of the day are more frequent than in these very orations; and without some such introduction, even when supplied with books of reference, the student will be apt to grope in the dark. Thus the first thing that an intelligent student will say is, “ how could such a suit be brought, and why could not the Athenian people do as they pleased, in respect to passing a resolution to crown Demosthenes?” Here then at the outset, he needs to have an idea of

the difference between a psepleisma and a law; of the different methods observed in passing them, and of the γραφὴ παρονόμων, by which illegal resolutions were rendered perilous to their proposer. The way in which this process suspended further proceedings in the Senate or before the people upon a resolution, and the course of the trial, until the time of pleading, ...

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