Our Saviour’s Discourse In The Synagogue At Capernaum -- By: E. P. Barrows

Journal: Bibliotheca Sacra
Volume: BSAC 011:44 (Oct 1854)
Article: Our Saviour’s Discourse In The Synagogue At Capernaum
Author: E. P. Barrows


Our Saviour’s Discourse In The Synagogue At Capernaum

E. P. Barrows

Of the remarkable discourse addressed by our Lord to the Jews in the synagogue at Capernaum (John 6:25–65), in which he exhibits himself in his personality as “the living bread which came down from heaven,” and teaches that eternal life is to be received only by eating his flesh and drinking his blood, the words of the Apostle to the Corinthians: “The natural man receiveth not the things of the Spirit of God; for they are foolishness unto him; neither can he know them, because they are

spiritually discerned,”1 hold good in a preeminent sense. In their interpretation, everything depends on a true apprehension of Christ’s person and office, and the relation which believers hold to him. If any man be right here, his eye is single, and, as he reads, his whole body will be full of light. But if he have a wrong view of Christ’s character and the work of redemption committed to him by the Father, his eye is evil, and his whole body will be full of darkness. Mere learning and genius will avail but little for the apprehension of a passage that has to do throughout with the inward spiritual relation that subsists between the Redeemer and his disciples. The first and main question must be: Who is Christ, and what is his office? It will not be inappropriate, therefore, in attempting an exposition of the passage under consideration, to discuss this question somewhat at large. We, accordingly, divide the present Article into two parts: the discussion of the ground-idea that underlies the whole passage, which can be no other than the ground-idea of Christ’s person and office; and the exposition of the passage itself.

I. Our Lord’s Person And Office In Their Relation To The Believer

“Whom do men say that I, the Son of man, am?”2 This is the question which Jesus proposed to his disciples in the region of Caesarea Philippi. The answer to it was then, and will ever remain, the great problem of Christianity. On this occasion the disciples replied: “Some say that thou art John the Baptist; some Elias; and others, Jeremias, or one of the prophets.”3 Again the Lord asked: “But whom say ye that I am? And Simon Peter answered and said, Thou art the Christ, the Son of the living God.”4 Our Lord’s reply to this confession of Peter: “Blessed art thou, Simon, Bar-jona; for flesh and blood hath not revealed it unto thee, but my Father which is i...

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