The Last Days Of Christ; Exegetical Notes On The Basis Of Mark 14:17-16:20 -- By: Horatio B. Hackett

Journal: Bibliotheca Sacra
Volume: BSAC 036:144 (Oct 1879)
Article: The Last Days Of Christ; Exegetical Notes On The Basis Of Mark 14:17-16:20
Author: Horatio B. Hackett

The Last Days Of Christ; Exegetical Notes On The Basis Of Mark 14:17-16:20

Rev. Horatio B. Hackett

Verses 1–4, —The Morning of Resurrection, and First Visit to the Tomb.

Ver.1. This Sabbath, now ended, was the Jewish Sabbath — our Saturday. Mary Magdalene and other women (Salome and the other Mary, mother of James and Joses, are mentioned) purchased spices for embalming the body of Christ, in the evening after sundown, and came at an early hour next morning to the sepulchre. This agrees precisely with Luke 23:56. The previous embalming by Nicodemus (John 19:39-40, may have been hurried and imperfect.

The moment of the resurrection we may suppose to have been that of the descent of the angel who rolled away the stone, and of the earthquake, before the arrival of the women. Mark, Luke, and John do not mention the earthquake, but seem to presuppose it by saying that the women found the door of the sepulchre open. Some of those on guard may subsequently have become believers, and made known the facts of which they were eye-witnesses to others.

Ver. 2. The time of coming to the sepulchre is said by Mark to have been when the sun was up, which is defined at the beginning of the verse as very early (λίαν πρώ). The sun in the Orient comes up very rapidly above the horizon, and a brief interval only marks the twilight; so that the two expressions could be, and actually are, used in the Old Testament as quite equivalent or interchangeable. See Robinson’s Harmony ( 160 p. 230). He adds unquestionable

instances of that interchange of expressions in the Old Testament.

Ver. 4. And when they looked up (ἀναβλέψασαι). The tomb may have been on the side of a cliff or eminence, so that they must look up to see it, especially while yet at some distance from it. For it was very great, is the evangelist’s explanation to the reader of this act of the women’s looking up in their perplexity at the stone in which they feared such an obstacle. Some (Meyer, Alford) think that it explains why the women could not fail to notice that the stone was rolled away, it being so conspicuous.

Verses 5–8. — The Resurrection of Christ, and First Visitors to the Tomb.

The scriptural ground on which...

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