Old Testament Fellowship with God Part 3 -- By: James F. Rand

Journal: Bibliotheca Sacra
Volume: BSAC 108:432 (Oct 1951)
Article: Old Testament Fellowship with God Part 3
Author: James F. Rand

Old Testament Fellowship with God
Part 3

James F. Rand

(Continued from the July-September Number, 1951)

{Editor’s note: Footnotes in the original printed edition were numbered 24–38, but in this electronic edition are numbered 1–15 respectively.}

III. Benefits of the Covenant Relationship

Examination of the Scriptural testimony concerning the covenant with Abraham brings into view a number of benefits, all received by the Old Testament believer on the basis of this covenant. Some are specifically stated; others can be assumed from specific instances of blessing attributed to the Abrahamic Covenant. That the covenant was intended to bring blessing to Abraham and his seed is established by Keil: “The covenant which Jehovah made with Abraham was not intended to give force to a mere agreement respecting mutual rights and obligations,—a thing which could have been accomplished by an external sacrificial transaction, and by God passing through the divided animals in an assumed human form,—but it was designed to establish the purely spiritual relation of a living fellowship between God and Abram, of the deep inward meaning of which, nothing but a spiritual intuition and experience could give Abram an effective and permanent hold.”1

While the following list is not assumed to be exhaustive, it fairly represents the blessings which the believer derived as a result of the Abrahamic Covenant: (1) a basic guarantee of blessing, (2) fellowship with God, (3) personal righteousness, (4) a privilege of intercession, (5) protection by God, (6) the security of an unbreakable covenant and (7) redemption. These will be discussed in the above order.

A basic guarantee of blessing. This in itself would be sufficient favor, for it gave the Israelite an indissoluble relationship with the God of all blessing. The words of the special promise are found in Genesis 12:3; “And I will bless them that bless thee, and curse him that curseth thee: and in thee shall all families of the earth be blessed.” The promise here is supplemented in 22:18 and 26:4 where God reveals that all nations shall be blessed in Abraham’s seed,—not alone in the patriarch himself.

In Genesis 12:3a the blessing and cursing is made dependent upon the individual or national attitude toward Abraham. In Genesis 12:3b the promise is a universal one of blessing through Abraham and h...

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