Jerusalem Report: Where Jesus Walked -- By: Magen Broshi
BSP 2:2 (Spring 1973) p. 43
Jerusalem Report: Where Jesus Walked
[Magen Broshi is curator of the Shrine of the Book in the Israel Museum, Jerusalem, where the Dead Sea Scrolls are on display. He is a veteran of many local excavations, including the dig of the Phoenician town at Tel Megadim (1967 to 1969), of which he was director. Mr. Broshi is also Assistant Editor of Qadmoniot, a quarterly for the antiquities of Israel and Bible Lands (published in Hebrew).]
In the Autumn 1972 issue of BIBLE AND SPADE we included a brief report on the excavations in the Armenian Garden and outside the Zion Gate. We are pleased to present this more detailed illustrated follow-up report from Magen Broshi, director of the excavations. — Ed.
Archaeologists have been excavating in Jerusalem for well over a century, but it is only in the last five years that large scale digs have taken place inside the walls. This unprecedented activity is accounted for by the extensive building operations in the area — no building is erected in the Old City now until the site has been properly excavated.
The excavations under review, which began in 1971, are proceeding in the Armenian Garden and on Mount Zion in the course of clearing ground for the construction of an Armenian seminary and church. Conducted on behalf of the Armenian Patriarchate and the Israel Department of Antiquities and Museums, and sponsored by the Samuel H. Kress Foundation through the Jerusalem Fund, they have yielded rich and varied finds dating from the Israelite period (7th century BCE), through the period of the Second Commonwealth and up to the Middle Ages. They are directed by the author in
BSP 2:2 (Spring 1973) p. 44
collaboration with Mr. D. Bahat (the Armenian Garden), Mrs. Yael Israeli and Mr. E. Netzer (Mount Zion).
The House of Caiaphas on Mount Zion
By Christian tradition (first mentioned by the Bordeaux Pilgrims, ca. 333 CE), the house of the High Priest, Joseph Caiaphas, where Jesus was taken the night before he was handed over to the Romans (Matthew 26) stood at this spot on Mount Zion. There are good reasons for regarding the tradition as historically sound, in contradistinction to many other apocryphal attributions of holy sites; this is the summit of the “Upper City,” bordering on the palace, and the tradition is old, already recorded in the earliest of pilgrim writings.
Our excavations have bared remains from the Israelite period (Iron Age) to the Middle Ages, the best preserved stratum being the Herodian, which dates from approximately the last century before the destruction of the Second Temple in 70 CE.
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