Was Adam A Cave Man? -- By: David Livingston

Journal: Bible and Spade (Second Run)
Volume: BSPADE 05:1 (Winter 1992)
Article: Was Adam A Cave Man?
Author: David Livingston

Was Adam A Cave Man?

David Livingston

A display in the Field Museum showing early concepts of Neanderthal Man. Although still in use, it is hopelessly out of date.

Modern anthropology teaches that “man” has been developing for a very long time — as much as five million years. On the other hand, the Bible indicates that man has only been around for a few thousand years. Can the two positions be reconciled, or must one be rejected with only the other being acceptable? Which position does the scientific evidence really support?

Man’s Life Directly from God

What does the Bible actually say about the origin of man? Genesis 2:7 says, “And the Lord God formed man of the dust of the ground, and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life; and man became a living soul.” Notice first in this verse that man was not created out of some lower form of life (ape, chimpanzee, or homonid) as some theistic evolutionists claim. He was made, or fashioned, by the very hand of God out of ‘aphar — inanimate dust, dirt, or clay. The Hebrew word for “formed” is the word used when a potter shapes his vessels. As a pottery vessel is lifeless, so man’s body was originally lifeless. Life in man’s body came directly from God’s spirit, or “breath.” When God gave life to man, he became a “living soul.”

To further emphasize that man was not related to lower forms of life, this “living soul” is the same kind of life animals have (Gn 1:30, 7:22). That is, although

man is infinitely above animals, his “animal life” came directly from God, not from some other animal. Thus, the Bible portrays an anti-evolutionary beginning for man. There is no way to reconcile the philosophy of human evolution with the Biblical narrative of the creation of man by God.

The “Development” of Man

Another area of major conflict between the Bible and evolutionary philosophy is in the development of man. Evolutionary anthropology postulates a scenario of early man as brutish with low intelligence. The theory is that over many tens or hundreds of thousands of years “man” evolved enough intelligence to move into caves, accidentally learned to make and use fire, and after tens of thousands of years as a hunter-gatherer, eventually domesticated grain and animals. Of course, the accoutrements of civilization did not appear until relatively recent times — within the last five thousand years.

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