Khirbet Nisya 1993 -- By: Bryant G. Wood
BSP 6:4 (Autumn 1993) p. 115
Khirbet Nisya 1993
The tenth season of excavations at Kh. Nisya was conducted August 22-September 9, 1993, by the Associates for Biblical Research under the direction of David Livingston. Twenty-four volunteers from the United States carried out the work. The outstanding discovery of the season was two adjacent stone-built pottery kilns from the Persian period found on the north-west side of the site.
The Persian Period extended for about 200 years from the conquest of Babylon by Cyrus the Great in 539 BC, to the conquest of Persia by Alexander the Great in 332 BC. Biblically speaking, this was the time of Ezra, Nehemiah and Esther, the prophets Daniel, Haggai, Zechariah and Malachi (ca. 539–432 BC), and part of the intertestamental period (ca. 432–4 BC). Ezra and Nehemiah told how the Israelites returned from captivity in Babylon to rebuild the Temple (completed in 516 BC) and the walls of Jerusalem (completed in 445 BC). Men descended from families who once lived in the central hill country, the area where Kh. Nisya is located, returned and resettled the region, and were involved in the rebuilding (Ezr 2:26–28; Neh 7:30–32; 11:31–33). It is
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BSP 6:4 (Autumn 1993) p. 116
BSP 6:4 (Autumn 1993) p. 117
quite possible, then, that the kilns at Kh. Nisya were built and operated by returning exiles.
The Persian period in Palestine was a time of poverty and poor living conditions (see You must have a subscription and be logged in to read the entire article.
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