Kh. el-Maqatir 1999 Dig Report -- By: Bryant G. Wood
BSP 12:4 (Fall 1999) p. 109
Kh. el-Maqatir 1999 Dig Report
From May 24 to June 17 a fourth season of excavation was carried out at Kh. el-Maqatir, 15 km (9 mi) north of Jerusalem. The dig is sponsored by the Associates for Biblical Research, endorsed by the Near East Archaeological Society, and under the direction of Bryant G. Wood. A total of 58 people participated in two two-week sessions, with another group of 50 on a Master’s College tour joining the dig for one day. Participating consortium members included Berkshire Institute for Christian Studies; Bryan College; Dallas Theological Seminary; The Master’s College, IBEX (Israel Bible Extension); and Trinity College and Seminary Southwest Campus. Also participating were representatives from Austin Seminary of Biblical Languages, David Lipscomb University, Ozark Christian College and University of Alabama.
15th Century BC (Late Bronze I Period), the Time of the Conquest
The Massive North Wall
The most significant result of this season’s work was further clarification of the plan of the Late Bronze I (15th century BC) fortress from the time of Joshua. In Squares Q9 and R11 well-preserved sections of the north wall were found. The wall here is 4.0 m (13 ft) wide, equal to the largest wall from that time period found in Israel! It would have stood to a height of some 12 m (40 ft)! It is interesting that the dimensions of all of the architecture we have found from the LB I period are in even half-meter increments. It is evident
BSP 12:4 (Fall 1999) p. 110
The outer face of the curving north wall. Equivalent to the widest wall from this period found in Israel (4.0 m, 13 ft), it originally stood to a height of some 12 m (40 ft). It is understandable why Joshua lured the defenders of Ai out of their fortress rather than attempting to assault the walls.