The New Testament Theology Of The Sabbath: Christ, the Change of the Day, and the Name of the Day -- By: Richard C. Barcellos

Journal: Reformed Baptist Theological Review
Volume: RBTR 05:1 (Jan 2008)
Article: The New Testament Theology Of The Sabbath: Christ, the Change of the Day, and the Name of the Day
Author: Richard C. Barcellos


The New Testament Theology Of The Sabbath:
Christ, the Change of the Day, and the Name of the Day

Richard C. Barcellos*

* Richard C. Barcellos, Ph.D., is Lecturer in New Testament Studies and Administrative Assistant to the Dean, Midwest Center for Theological Studies (www.mctsowensboro.org; www.mctsowensboro.org/blog), Heritage Baptist Church, Owensboro, KY.

In a previous article, we have seen that the Old Testament prophesied both the abrogation of the Old Covenant’s Sabbaths (Hos. 2:11) and the perpetuity of Sabbath-keeping under the New Covenant (Isa. 56:2, 4, 6 and Jer. 31:33).1 Isaiah, of course, prophesied the transformation of the people of God, the house of God, the burnt offerings, the sacrifices, the altar, and the Sabbath under the New Covenant.2 But what does the New Covenant’s Sabbath look like? On what day should it be observed if, in fact, the New Covenant’s Sabbath constitutes a specific day? And, assuming that it constitutes a specific day of the week, what should we call that day? In what follows I will attempt to answer these and other questions by treating the following subjects: (1) Christ and the Sabbath Day; (2) The Change of the Day; and (3) The Name of the Day.

Christ and the Sabbath Day

Our Lord discussed the Sabbath on several occasions during his earthly ministry (Matt. 12:1-21; Mark 2:23-3:6; 6:1-6; Luke 4:16-22, 31-37, 38-41; 6:1-5; 13:10-17; 14:1-6; John 5:5-18; 7:21-24; 9:1ff., 13-16). We previously examined Mark 2:27-28 and saw that Christ taught that the Sabbath predated the Jews and was made for man.3 We also saw that his claims of lordship over the Sabbath assume its abiding validity during the interadvental days of the New...

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