Notes On Biblical Geography -- By: Edward Robinson

Journal: Bibliotheca Sacra
Volume: BSAC 001:3 (Aug 1844)
Article: Notes On Biblical Geography
Author: Edward Robinson

Notes On Biblical Geography

E. Robinson, D. D.

Prof, of Bib. Lit. in the Union Theol. Sem. New York.

I. Gibeah Of Saul.

In the Biblical Researches (Vol. II. p. 114), I have regarded the present village Jeb’a, lying eastward of er-Ràm (Ramah), and south of Mŭkmâs (Michmash), as representing the ancient Gibeah of Benjamin or of Saul. Some difficulties in the way of this hypothesis are there stated; such as that the masculine form of the Arabic Jeb’a corresponds better with the ancient Geba, while Gibeah would more naturally appear in Arabic in the feminine form, Jeb’ah, as indeed we actually find it in the case of the Gibeah of Judah. The hypothesis was founded on the assumed position, that both Gibeah and Geba must have lain over against Michmash, on the south side of the deep ravine or passage which there exists. That Geba was actually so situated, appears from Isa. 10:29. For a like position of Gibeah, appeal was made to 1 Sam. 13:15, 16 and 14:5. In these passages the English version reads Gibeah; but by some oversight I must have neglected to look at the Hebrew, which in both instances has Geba. The proof, therefore, in respect to Gibeah, so far as it was drawn from these verses, fails. Yet in 1 Sam. 14:16 the Hebrew too reads Gibeah; and this passage is quite as decisive as the others were supposed to be. My idea was, that Geba lay not far eastward of Gibeah; where it would still be over against Michmash, and where, too, we were told of ruins; and so far as can be gathered from the notices of Scripture, there would seem to be no occasion for changing this opinion.

My attention has been again called to the subject by a remark of Mr. Gross, a young theologian at Calov in Würtemberg, in his review of the Biblical Researches in the Theol. Studien u. Kritiken, 1843, p. 1082. He there takes the position, that Gibeah must have lain south of Ramah and Geba; and that therefore the Jeb’a which we found is ancient Geba. This view as to the more southern position of Gibeah he has presented more fully in a recent letter to me; and supports it by the following considerations :

1. “In Josh. 18:2228, Geba is reckoned to the northern cities of Ben-

jamin; while Giheah is named with Jerusalem and Kirjath-jearim as a southern city.”—But among the known pl...

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