Jewish Sacrifices, With Particular Reference To The Sacrifice Of Christ -- By: Anonymous

Journal: Bibliotheca Sacra
Volume: BSAC 016:61 (Jan 1859)
Article: Jewish Sacrifices, With Particular Reference To The Sacrifice Of Christ
Author: Anonymous

Jewish Sacrifices, With Particular Reference To The Sacrifice
Of Christ

In the following Article it is designed to treat of the origin of sacrifices, the various rites and ceremonies by which they have been accompanied, and especially of their religious significance. The materials for the Article have been derived from the celebrated work of William Outram, a divine of the church of England. This work, composed in Latin, was printed at Amsterdam in the year 1688, and is the storehouse from which a large portion of what has been written since its publication, on the subject of sacrifices, has been taken. In presenting the views of Outram, we are not to be understood as, in all cases, agreeing with them.

1. Significance Of The Term “Holy.”

Every careful reader of the Scriptures will have noticed a two-fold use of the word holy. The word denotes, in some places, the invariable choice, on the part of God, of that which is morally right. It is thus employed in 1 Pet. 1:15 — “as he which hath called you is holy, so be ye holy in all

manner of conversation.” The Scriptures, in the next place, affix the epithet holy to Jehovah, for the purpose of denoting the supremacy which characterizes the Divine nature, in relation to every species of excellence, whether natural or moral, his supremacy in wisdom, and power, and dominion. As by reason of this supremacy God is worthy of praise and worship, the word holy is used to signify this worthiness. This is the significance of the word when God is denominated the Holy One of Israel, when his name is said to be holy and reverend.

From this double meaning of the word holy, as applied to Jehovah, arises a double significance of the same word in reference to other objects. In the first sense, as indicative of moral purity, it is used in relation to those, who being endowed with moral powers, are capable of a moral likeness to Jehovah. In the latter sense, the epithet holy is given to beasts and inanimate objects, to denote their separation from profane and secular, to religious uses. Not rational beings alone, but all objects, and times, and places, and all rites and ceremonies which, in any special form, pertain to God or to his worship, are to be numbered among the things which are holy. It is easy to see, therefore, how sacrifices, both in respect to the objects which were used as victims, and the ceremonies with which they were offered, should be denominated holy, sacred rites, inasmuch as they have so special a relation to the worship of Jehovah.

2. Origin Of Sacrifices

In approaching our general subject, the question of the origin of sacrifi...

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