Citations From The New Testament By The Apostolic Fathers -- By: Wolcott Calkins

Journal: Bibliotheca Sacra
Volume: BSAC 023:92 (Oct 1866)
Article: Citations From The New Testament By The Apostolic Fathers
Author: Wolcott Calkins

Citations From The New Testament By The Apostolic Fathers1

By Rev. Wolcott Calkins

“It would unquestionably be an argument of decisive weight in favor of the credibility of the biblical history, could it be shown that it was written by eyewitnesses, or even by persons nearly contemporaneous with the events narrated.” — Strauss, Leben Jesu, Vol. 1:§ 13.

I. These Fathers bear direct testimony to three of Paul’s Epistles:

1. Clem. Cor. 47. “Take in your hands the Epistle of St. Paul the apostle. What did he write you when the gospel first began to be preached?2 Truly he was moved of the Spirit to write you concerning himself and Cephas and Apollos, because even then you had begun to form factions. But this faction did not lead you into the worst sin, because you yielded to apostles so illustrious, and to a man approved by them.”

The reference to 1 Cor. 1:12 is unmistakable. Paul’s inspiration is also claimed.

2. Ign. Eph. 12. “Ye are partakers of the sacred mysteries with Paul, who is sanctified, crowned with martyrdom, and worthily called the blessed; whose footsteps I hope to follow when it is mine to attain unto God; who also through-

out his whole epistle3 makes mention of you in Christ Jesus.”

The reference to Eph. 1:9; 3:3 is very striking:

3. Pol. 3. “Neither I, nor any other like me, can attain unto the wisdom of the sainted and illustrious Paul, who, when he was with you, taught clearly and forcibly the word of truth in the presence of men then living; and when absent from you wrote a letter,4 by which you may be built up in the faith, if you study it attentively.” Of. Phil. 1:27.

It is possible that Polycarp also refers to the Gospels under the title of λόγια τοῦ κυρίου (Phil. 7): “Whosoever prostitutes the oracles of the Lord to his own lusts, denying that there be resurrection and judgment, this man is the first-born of Satan.”

II. A few passages of the New Testament are distinctly quoted, either as the language of the Lord and the apostles, or of scriptures :

Bar. 4. “Let ...

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