Explorations In Palestine -- By: H. B. Hackett

Journal: Bibliotheca Sacra
Volume: BSAC 027:107 (Jul 1870)
Article: Explorations In Palestine
Author: H. B. Hackett

Explorations In Palestine

Prof. H. B. Hackett

Meeting of the Palestine Exploration Fund

The annual meeting of this important Association was held on the afternoon of Monday, May 16, at the Royal Institution, Albermarle street, London. The attendance was large, filling the spacious hall with a highly intelligent and interested audience. The Archbishop of York, Rev. Dr. Thompson, presided on the occasion; and among others present were the Bishop of London, Dr. Stanley, Dean of Westminster, Sir Henry Rawlinson, the celebrated Assyrian scholar and traveller, Professor Donaldson, Mr. George Grove, and Captains Wilson and Warren, well known for their labors and discoveries in the Holy Land. Reports were read by Rev. F. W. Holland, one of the Secretaries of the Society, and by Captain Warren, and speeches were delivered by the Archbishop, by Sir H. Rawlinson, by Dr. Stanley, and others. At the close of the meeting a collection was taken up in aid of the funds of the Association.

Report of the Doings of the Year

By the courtesy of Mr. Holland we are enabled to present to the readers of the Bibliotheca an outline of the labors of the agents of the society for the past year.

In addition to the excavations at Jerusalem, which have not been unfruitful in results, some interesting explorations have been made during the past year in the north of Palestine. Captain Warren found it necessary to withdraw his men from Jerusalem during the summer months, in consequence of the prevalence of fever, from which they had already suffered much; and the whole of the exploring party removed to the Lebanon until the cooler weather set in. While there they occupied themselves in investigating the ruined temples of Coele-Syria and Mount Hermon. The temples of Coele-Syria appear to date from Roman times, and the inscriptions found in them are mostly Greek.

The small temples about Hermon appear to be somewhat of more ancient date, their architecture being of the Ionic order.

On the summit of Mount Hermon stand the ruins of a sacellum, which has nothing in its construction in common with the temples on the west below. This probably had to do with a different and more ancient

form of worship. All these temples have been sketched and accurately described.

On his journey northwards Captain Warren visited Saida, the ancient Sidon, and discovered there on the stones of the ancient walls undoubted Phoenician masons’ marks, somewhat similar in character to those which he had found in his excavations at Jerusalem. He also procured from excavations which had been made at Sidon some specimens of ancient pottery.

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