The Last Days Of Christ; Exegetical Notes On The Basis Of Mark 14:17-16:20 -- By: Horatio B. Hackett
BSac 36:143 (July 1879) p. 471
The Last Days Of Christ; Exegetical Notes On The Basis Of Mark 14:17-16:20
Verses 55-65. — Christ Condemned By The Sanhedrim, And Mocked By The Servants
Ver. 55. Matthew’s correspondent text (26:59–68) is almost literally accordant with Mark, and that of Luke (22:63–71) is consistent with Mark, but less full. The Sanhedrim or senate consisted properly of seventy members, and of three distinct orders. One of these orders was that of the high-priest at the time and the heads of the twenty-four classes into which the Hebrew priesthood was divided; the second, that of the elders, who were men of mature age, and held offices in the synagogues; and the third, that of scribes, eminent for their knowledge of the Scriptures and of Jewish law. Both Matthew (26:59) and Mark in this passage represent this particular session of the body as very full. Were seeking (ἐζήτουν) implies that they found it difficult readily to procure the needed witnesses on this occasion. When Matthew says (26:59) that they sought false witnesses, he means, of course, that such was the character of those whom they found, and not that they preferred such because they were false, rather than true, in their testimony. They wanted damaging testimony, whether true, false, or perverted.
Ver. 56. Though many testified, the accusations were false, and were manifestly such, as their inconsistency (οὐκ ἴσαι, not equal) showed.
Ver. 57. As a final resort (note Matthew’s ὕστερον, afterwards) they charge him with blasphemy against the Temple and Him who was worshipped there. Mark does not mention
BSac 36:143 (July 1879) p. 472
the number of witnesses; but Matthew says they were two, — just the number which the law required (26:60).
Ver. 58. I will destroy represents Christ as casting contempt on the Temple, as one not fit to be used for God’s worship, and claiming an ability to rear another, not in forty years, as was true of Herod’s Temple, but in three days. The reference here is to John 2:19, where, in reply to the question “What sign showest thou?” the Saviour answered, “Dest...
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