Relations Of The Aryan And Semitic Languages -- By: James F. McCurdy

Journal: Bibliotheca Sacra
Volume: BSAC 038:149 (Jan 1881)
Article: Relations Of The Aryan And Semitic Languages
Author: James F. McCurdy


Relations Of The Aryan And Semitic Languages

Rev. James F. McCurdy

Words For Stretching Or Extending

27. Proto-Aryan tan; Proto-Semitic תן to stretch, extend. The Aryan root tan appears in Skr. tan, tan-omi, to stretch, strain; Zend, tan, to stretch out, spread out; Gr. τείνω for τεν-ιω, τι-ταίνω for τι-ταν-ιω, to stretch, extend; Lat. ten-do, to stretch, ten-eo, to hold, i.e. to keep on the strain; tempto (properly ten-to, according to Corssen), to try, or, primarily, as Curtius says, to stretch a thing till it fits; Goth, than-yan; A. S. then-yan, to extend. It is also found in many noun-stems in these and all the other Indo-European dialects, with kindred or derived meanings, in which the force of the primary idea is variously and vividly represented. This tan is really a nasalized form of ta, which appears as the stem before a consonant in Greek and Sanskrit. Thus tan in Skr. has the participle ta-ta, to stretch, and τείνω gives the aor. ἐ-τά-θην, while we also meet with the form τείνω, a stretching, and τά-νυ-μαι, I stretch myself; cf. the note in Chap. 4 on nasal vowels in connection with the determinative n. — The Semitic תן shows itself most simply in the Heb. תָּנַן, to

stretch, extend, and its antiquity is attested by the noun-stems extension, and , a shoestring, in Ethiopic; and especially by the word for large serpent or sea-monster: Heb. and Chald. תַּנּין; Arab. تَنِّينٌ, which is derived from תנן, just as the Lat. regains is from rego, to stretch. With a predeterminative ו the idea of extension denoted by the simple root is transferred to time; hence the Arab. وَتَنَ,to be perpetual, and the obsolete Heb.נָתַן, which is to be presupposed for the noun יתָן, perpetuity. With the predeterminative a the idea of stretching becomes that of giving, or reaching forth.You must have a subscription and be logged in to read the entire article.
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