Recent Foreign Theological Works -- By: Anonymous

Journal: Bibliotheca Sacra
Volume: BSAC 039:154 (Apr 1882)
Article: Recent Foreign Theological Works
Author: Anonymous

Recent Foreign Theological Works

History of the Bible and of Biblical Exegesis to the Present Time (Histoire de la Bible et de l’exégèse biblique jusqu’à nos jours). By Great Rabbi and Professor L. Wogue. 8vo. pp. 383. Paris: Fischbacher. 1881. 12 francs.

Usually German works are discussed in the Bibliotheca Sacra by the present writer, but the work of other foreign theologians deserves notice also, and the work named above may well excite our curiosity, for its existence and contents tell a valuable and a strange story; valuable as an evidence of how much or how little the highest Jewish ecclesiastics know of the Hebrew scholarship of Christianity, or of any scholarship; strange, too, as an evidence of the lack of scholarship which Judaism tolerates and produces. We quote from a review of the work by Professor E. Kautzsch of Tübingen. “Our expectations are of course hardly lessened on reading that the work was intended not for the press, but for the students of the Israelite Seminary.” Surely Jewish students ought to receive the best fruits of Jewish scholarship. “The author makes as if he had consulted the more recent German works on Old Testament Introduction. Yet he knows nothing of any books later than Eichhorn (1790, 3 vols.), Michaelis (whom he does not use), and the Roman Catholic J aim’s Introduction of 1814 (i.e. the purified abridgment of the larger German work).” After all Rabbi Wogue is not very far behind some of our own methods. Are we English writers altogether up to date, and up to critical accuracy, when one of us, seeking to prove “the disagreements of the scholars who have attempted to separate….the Levitical parts of the middle books, Exodus to Numbers, from the rest of the Pentateuchal writings,” exhibits in evidence of this the disagreements between Stähelin’s De Wette’s Introduction to the Old Testament, Parker’s translation, published in 1850, and Nöldeke’s Untersuchungen, published in 1869? Disagreements surely ought to arise in nineteen years of Hebrew investigation. Herr Kautsch gives the following very interesting extract from M. Wogue’s work. The latter says: “It is known that the division of the Bible [i.e. the Old Testament] into Torah [the Pentateuch], Nebhi’im [Joshua, Judges, Samuel, Kings, Isaiah, Jeremiah, Ezekiel, and Ho sea to Malachi], and Kethubhim [the remaining books] is based upon the varying degrees of sacredness and

authority of the books, and upon the gradually decreasing quality of the inspiration in these several classes of books. The Torah was written by men under the direct or immediate inspiration, entitled the ‘dictation’ of God; the prophets (Nebhi’im) by men under the indirect but higher inspiration; the Hagiographa (Kethubhim) by ...

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