Cardinal Newman: A Tribute From The Anglican Standpoint -- By: Henry Hayman

Journal: Bibliotheca Sacra
Volume: BSAC 048:189 (Jan 1891)
Article: Cardinal Newman: A Tribute From The Anglican Standpoint
Author: Henry Hayman

Cardinal Newman: A Tribute From The Anglican Standpoint

Rev. Henry Hayman

The death of Cardinal Newman removes one who was once a self-devoted and venerated leader in a school of Anglican opinion which has, on the whole, increased in weight and force since he crossed the brink and left it in its mid-struggle. His great work of relaying foundations in part, and of digging down to them and verifying their solidity as a whole, has been crowned, capped, and developed by later hands. Of course in that work, the work of many, even while he lighted and led the way, he had co-operative master-minds. Nor does the originative impulse belong to him. Alexander Knox, a layman at the end of the last century, left on record the opinion, that the clause of the creed, “I believe in the Holy Catholic Church,” was in his time otiose, and that whoever sought to impart vitality to it, would stir such a controversy as that church had seldom seen. Newman himself ascribed that impulse to a Cambridge divine, the late Rev. Hugh James Rose, some time principal of King’s College, London, “who, when hearts were failing, bade us ‘stir up the gift that was in us,’ and betake ourselves to our true mother.” Between the periods of Knox and Rose, the influence of a small but zealous band of English churchmen, of whom the central figure was again a layman, Joshua Watson, first treasurer of the National Society for educating poor children in church principles, made itself widely felt; and the feeling that the church

must be an organized society, having its own office-bearers and rules of communion, began to leaven the inertia of the establishment by law. The consolidation by Act of Parliament of several Irish sees under fewer bishops gave a further shock to that inertia, beginning now to stir with life; and a voice was given to this feeling of indignation by a sermon preached by John Keble, author of “The Christian Year,” at the assize of the Oxford Circuit in 1833. Its subject title was “The National Apostasy.” This brought Newman to the front of the movement. He, “out of his own head,” at once started a series of “Tracts for the Times,” published at irregular intervals up to the ninetieth number, which appeared in 1841. He had also meanwhile assisted the British Magazine, of which the editor was the Rev. W. Palmer, of Worcester College, Oxford; and from July 1838 to July 1841 he himself edited the British Critic. In 1835 Dr. Pusey joined the Tractarian writers, contributing a treatise “On Fasting.” In 1836 was published Newman’s own work on “The Prophetical Office in the Church,” and in 1837 his “Essay on Justification.” In 1838 the then Bishop of Oxford, Dr. Bagot, in his charge, made some reflections on the Trac...

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