Prophetic Testimony To The Pentateuch -- By: Henry Hayman

Journal: Bibliotheca Sacra
Volume: BSAC 049:194 (Apr 1892)
Article: Prophetic Testimony To The Pentateuch
Author: Henry Hayman


Prophetic Testimony To The Pentateuch

Rev. Henry Hayman

HAVING re-established their harmony, I now recur to the primary and fundamental covenant ideas. Prophetic testimony is unanimous on behalf of the great pillar principles, the greater commandments, and weightier matters of the law,1 and thus prepares the way for New Testament teaching. But it does not therefore imply the neglect or the non-obligation of the secondary precepts. Jehovah by the prophets tells his people, “You withhold what I require, viz., those weightier matters, and therefore what you offer I reject, viz., those secondary compliances. Let us now see how far these last are noticed. Hosea (8:13) is very brief and pointed: As for the sacrifices of mine offerings, they sacrifice flesh, and eat. Jehovah accepteth not. At that moment he remembers their sin. “Their sacrifices shall be as mourners’ bread; all that eat shall be polluted,” i.e., the taint of spiritual death, for lack of that higher obedience, is in them, and pollutes the worshipper. There is, I think, a reference implied here to Deut. 26:14, where the “eating of bread

in mourning” is to be expressly disavowed by those who keep the feast. He adds, “Their bread shall not come into the house of Jehovah,” an allusion probably to the “shew-bread” of Levitical ordinance. This “bread for their own desire”—so he stigmatizes it—re-appears later (13:6), with fuller emphasis: “They were filled and their heart was exalted.” But here the standpoint is in the past, and in the reference in verses 4 and 5 to “the wilderness, the land of great drought,” we have an index to the Pentateuch. So that, when he presently adds, “therefore they have forgotten me,” we see a direct reproduction of the warnings of Deut. 8:13-14, verified in fact. Amos rebukes (2:7) domestic incest, such as is forbidden under a curse in Lev. 18:8, 15, Deut. 27:20, coupled with some aggravation, “to profane my holy name,” which stands in Lev. 18:21. The very ministers of the altar live and profit by the breaches of the law. The garments left in pledge, to be restored at sundown (Ex. 22:26), are kept by ...

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