The Last Passover And Its Harmonies -- By: E. P. Gray

Journal: Bibliotheca Sacra
Volume: BSAC 051:202 (Apr 1894)
Article: The Last Passover And Its Harmonies
Author: E. P. Gray


The Last Passover And Its Harmonies

E. P. Gray

Baltimore, Md.

The Harmony of the four Evangelists in regard to the time of the Last Passover and of the Lord’s Supper is a subject of serious difficulty, which has caused some to despair of reconciling the statements of St. John with those of the other Evangelists. The cause of this difficulty seems to the present writer to lie in the too implicit credit given to certain rabbinical traditions concerning the reckoning of the feasts of the Passover and the Pentecost, and the consequent misinterpretation of terms. An exact and correct definition of terms, according to the uniform usage of Scripture, I believe, would greatly relieve the subject of its difficulties, and lead to a clear solution.

I.—The Morrow Of The Sabbath.

The rule for the reckoning of the Passover and the Pentecost is laid down in Lev. 23:5–22. On the 14th of the first month at even was the Passover (ver. 5), when the Passover lamb was to be killed (Ex. 12:6). On the 15th day began the feast of Unleavened Bread, which alone was to be eaten for seven days, and the first and seventh days were days of holy convocation, on which no servile work was to be done (ver. 6–8). In verses 10-11, occur these instructions: “When ye be come into the land which I give unto you, and shall reap the harvest thereof, then ye shall bring a sheaf of the first-fruits of your harvest unto the priest; and he shall wave the sheaf before the Lord, to be accepted for you: on the morrow after the sabbath the priest shall wave it.” In verses 15-16, the reckoning for the Pentecost is given: “And ye shall count unto you from the morrow after the sabbath, from the day that ye brought the sheaf of the wave offering; seven sabbaths shall be complete: even unto the morrow after the seventh sabbath shall ye number fifty days; and ye shall offer a new meal offering unto the Lord.” Already in the third verse, the Sabbath was spoken of in these terms: “Six days shall work be done: but the seventh day is the sabbath of rest, an holy convocation; ye shall do no work therein: it is the sabbath of the Lord in all your dwellings.” The natural interpretation, therefore, of “the morrow after the sabbath “in this connection, since no other Sabbath has been mentioned, is the next day after the weekly Sabbath falling within the seven days of Unleavened Brea...

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