Formulation Of The Doctrine Of The Mass At The Council Of Trent -- By: C. Walker

Journal: Bibliotheca Sacra
Volume: BSAC 052:208 (Oct 1895)
Article: Formulation Of The Doctrine Of The Mass At The Council Of Trent
Author: C. Walker


Formulation Of The Doctrine Of The Mass At The Council Of Trent

Rev. C. Walker

1. The History of the Council of Trent. Written in Latin by Pietro Soave Polano, and faithfully translated into English by Nathaniel Brent, Knight, etc.

2. Canons and Decrees of the Council of Trent, with their History. By Rev. J. Waterworth. Dedicated, by permission, to Right Rev. Nicholas Wiseman, Bishop of Melipotamus, etc.

3. Memoirs of Council of Trent. By Rev. J. Mendham.

4. Catechism of the Council of Trent. Translated into English by Theodore Aloise Buckley.

5. Catholic Doctrine, as defined at the Council of Trent, expounded in a series of Conferences, delivered in Geneva. By Rev. A. Nampon, S. J. Proposed as a means of reuniting all Christians, etc., etc. With the commendatory approval of Bishop Frederick and of Archbishops Hughes, Spalding and Purcell.

The two main issues as to the Lord’s Supper,—the first, that of the nature of the presence involved; and secondly, that of its sacrificial character,—while constantly running up into each other, and in popular apprehension inseparable, need to be carefully distinguished. Of the two, that of the presence is comparatively unimportant; in its ultimate element is more largely in the metaphysics of physics than one of a moral and spiritual character. The experience of a large ecclesiastical community, the Lutheran Church, shows that this doctrine of a bodily presence in the elements, objective to the recipient and ubiquitous in its nature, is comparatively innocuous, need not affect any of the great fundamental truths of Christianity. This, the fact, with consubstantiation, or impanation, might be also, with transubstantiation, sup-

posing it pure and simple, with none of the accompaniments involved in the doctrine of sacramental sacrifice. Had Lutheranism entangled itself with the idea of an Aaronic succession, and its kindred idea of the Aaronic priesthood, as has been the case with a section of Anglicanism, the effect of con-substantiation upon its theology and ritual would have been much more disastrous. This last touches the nervous center of the Christian system, affects in its influence the position of every truth of that system. While, in one direction, it evacuates the spiritual priesthood of the Christian believer, in another, it brings down the sole priesthood or prerogative of Christ to that of the Christian ministry, or, to put it in another form, exalts the Christian minister to the place and prerogative of Christ. As formulated in the Council of Trent, and reaffirmed in that of the Vatican, this doctrine of the Church of Rome presents itsel...

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