The Second-Advent Theory Reviewed -- By: Edmund B. Fairfield

Journal: Bibliotheca Sacra
Volume: BSAC 058:232 (Oct 1901)
Article: The Second-Advent Theory Reviewed
Author: Edmund B. Fairfield


The Second-Advent Theory Reviewed

Rev. Edmund B. Fairfield

By the “Second-advent Theory “I mean the theory that teaches a future personal coming of Christ to the earth; or, in other words, a future incarnation. With some, this advent is to be premillennial; with others, it is to be post-millennial. With many, it is an event to be looked for soon.

That when Christ speaks of his “coming,” he does not always refer to any reincarnation, or to any visible advent, will scarcely be denied, I presume, by any; for example, when he says, in the fourteenth of John: “If I go and prepare a place for you, I will come again, and receive you unto myself; that where I am, there ye may be also”; “I will not leave you comfortless, I will come to you”; “If a man love me, he will keep my words: and my Father will love him, and we will come unto him, and make our abode with him”; and in numberless other similar examples. It is not to be assumed, therefore, that his “coming,” sc-called, necessarily implies a second incarnation, either before the millennium or after it.

In discussing the theory, as I have defined it, it has not been entirely easy for me to decide as to the order of presenting the subject; but my final conclusion was, that I could perhaps not do better than to take up the different points in the same order as that in which I studied them.

In doing this I come first to the principle of interpretation that is generally, if not universally, assumed by Adventists of every type, that, in interpreting the prophecies,

the rule is, that in giving the time of any event predicted a day stands for a year. And so the passage in the eighth chapter of Daniel, speaking of two thousand and three hundred days, and also those in the twelfth chapter (verses 7, 11, and 12), “It shall be for a time, times, and a half” (meaning three and one-half years, or one thousand two hundred and sixty days), “From the time that the daily sacrifice shall be taken away, and the abomination that maketh desolate set up, there shall be a thousand two hundred and ninety days,” and “Blessed is he that waiteth and cometh to the thousand three hundred and five and thirty days,” mean respectively 2,300, 1,260, 1,290, and 1,335 years.

Now that a day stands for a year is not said in these chapters in connection with the mention of these numbers, and of course there must be some show of proof outside. This proof is submitted by a reference to Dan. 9:24–27; also to Ezek. 4:4–6.

We take up this last passage first. It reads thus: “Lie tho...

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