Jacob And Israel -- By: Arthur Babbitt Fairchild
BSac 62:248 (Oct 1905) p. 698
Jacob And Israel
Not long ago the graded system was adopted in our Sunday-school, and this led to the formation of a class for the study of the Old Testament along the lines of the higher criticism. This class was made up of those who had a more or less general knowledge of the issues involved, but they were not well enough posted, as to the details, fairly to weigh the considerations for and against any theory, and thus to use their independent judgments in deciding between the various claims presented. It would seem almost superfluous to say that a study pursued in this way would not be likely to yield anything new to the fund of knowledge already secured. Still it is possible that some of the results which were not known before by the class might be of interest to others who are studying along similar lines, either because they, also, had not known them, or had not seen them presented in this form. The writer is wholly responsible for what is here given.
With this much in the way of introduction, attention is called to the very peculiar usage in Genesis of the names “Jacob “and “Israel.” The division into documents is based upon Driver’s “Introduction to the Literature of the Old Testament.” What is given below consists of extracts, taken from all the passages containing these names, beginning with 32:34. Prior to this, the name “Israel” does not occur, but the name “Jacob” occurs many times in each one of the three documents.
BSac 62:248 (Oct 1905) p. 699
32 And Jacob was left alone; and there wrestled a man with him… …and the hollow of Jacob’s thigh was strained, as he wrestled with him…  And he said unto him, What is thy name? And he said, Jacob.  And he said, Thy .name shall be called no more Jacob, but Israel…  And Jacob asked him, and said…  And Jacob called the name of the place Peniel…  Therefore the children of Israel eat not the sinew… because he touched the hollow of
33:Jacolb’s thigh…  And Jacob lifted up his eyes, and looked, and, behold, Esau came…  And Jacob said … receive my present…  And Jacob journeyed to Succoth…
 And his soul clave unto Dinah the daughter of Jacob…  Now Jacob heard that he had denied Dinah his daughter … and Jacob held his peace until they came.
 And Jacob came in peace to the city of Sheche...
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