Essays In Pentateuchal Criticism -- By: Harold M. Wiener

Journal: Bibliotheca Sacra
Volume: BSAC 066:263 (Jul 1909)
Article: Essays In Pentateuchal Criticism
Author: Harold M. Wiener


Essays In Pentateuchal Criticism

Harold M. Wiener

V.

The Numbers Of The Israelites

We now have to consider matters which have caused grave embarrassment to successive generations of interpreters. Dr. Gray’s statement is as follows: —

“It will be convenient to gather together here and to consider once for all the numbers yielded by the two censuses recorded in Numbers (chaps, 1–4, 26). The details given are the numbers (1) of male Israelites over twenty years belonging to each of the twelve secular tribes: (a) in the second year of the Exodus, chap. 4.; (ft) in the fortieth year, chap, 26; (2) of firstborn male Israelites above a month old, 3:43; (3) of males above a month old belonging to the three Levitical families; (a) in the second year, chap, 3; (b) in the fortieth, chap, 26; (4) of male Levites between thirty and fifty years of age, chap. iv.

“1. The tribes in the table below are arranged according to their size at the first census; the order in the text of chap, i (in chap, 26 it is the same, except that Manasseh precedes Ephraim) is indicated by the bracketed number to the left; the sign + or — to the right indicates that the tribe is represented as having increased or diminished in the interval between the two censuses, and the bracketed figure to the right indicates the order of size in chap. 26.

Chap. 1, year 2.

Chap. 26, year 40.

(4)
(10)
(2)
(6)
(5)
(12)
(1)

Juda
Dan
Simeon
Zebulun
Issachar
Naphtali
Reuben

74,600
62,700
59,300
57,400
54,400
53,400
46,500

76,500
64,400
22,200
60,500
64,300
45,400
43,730




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