The World: An Inductive Exegesis and an Exposition -- By: William H. Bates
BSac 68:269 (Jan 1911) p. 105
The World: An Inductive Exegesis and an Exposition
Every Bible student, and indeed every reader of the Bible, has been perplexed by the word
A satisfactory answer to the question, What is the World? Can be found only in a study of all the passages in the Bible where the word occurs; and the answer, to be satisfactory, must include all the contents of the term and an explicit exposition of them. In all the range of religious literature, so far as the writer is aware, such study has not been made. It is here attempted.
The one English word “World” translates five different Hebrew words in the Old Testament, and five different Greek words in the New Testament. These may be presented, it is hoped, so that not only those instructed in the original languages of the Scripture, but the uninstructed, can understand them.
BSac 68:269 (Jan 1911) p. 106
The Old Testament Terms
The first word in the Old Testament is ארץ erets. It occurs 2454 times. In the Authorized Version it is translated 1512 times land; 695 times earth, as in Gen. 1:1, “In the beginning God created the heaven and the earth”; 139 times country; 99 times ground; 3 times way; nation, Held, common, and wilderness, once each; and 4 times world, as in Ps. 22:27, “All the ends of the world shall remember,” etc. (see also Isa. 23:17; 62:11; Jer. 25:26). This is the world, or earth, simply in its physical aspect. In Gen. 1:10, God pronounces it “good.”
The second is חדל chedel. It occurs but once, Isa. 38:11, “I shall behold man no more with the inhabitants of the world.” Gesenius defines it, “place of rest, region of the dead, hades.” Young’s Concordance gives it the meaning of cessation. While the Revision translates ...
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