Codex Huntingtonianus: Its Importance In Establishing The Original Western Text Of The Gospels -- By: E. S. Buchanan

Journal: Bibliotheca Sacra
Volume: BSAC 074:293 (Jan 1917)
Article: Codex Huntingtonianus: Its Importance In Establishing The Original Western Text Of The Gospels
Author: E. S. Buchanan


Codex Huntingtonianus: Its Importance In Establishing The Original Western Text Of The Gospels

E. S. Buchanan

The Greek text of the English Authorized Version dates from the sixth century and can be traced to Constantinople. This text was overthrown by the Revised Version, whose text dates from the latter part of the fourth century, and can be traced to Alexandria. The Clementine Homilies’ text can be traced to the beginning of the third century, and thus antedates the Alexandrian text by two hundred years and the Constantinopolitan text by three hundred years. The Western world, including Spain and Ireland, was never invaded by the Clementine forgeries. It was thus saved from the corruption that, from the second century onwards, infected the Eastern text of the Scriptures. In the Codex Alexandrinus the spurious Second Epistle of Clement is found included with the other books of the New Testament as canonical Scripture. It was thus like a blighted ear of corn, “blasting its wholesome brothers.” The Western Text does not represent any revision or recension of the sacred text, Clementine or otherwise; but is the text which has remained non-revised, non-Judaized, and non-Arianized; for in the West men, being ignorant of the Greek language, were unspoiled

by the Greek philosophy, which, in alliance with the Judaism of Alexandria, corrupted ever more and more from the very beginning the Written Word. Quid adeo simile philosophies et Christianus, says Tertullian in his Apology, written in A. D. 198, Graeciae discipulus et Caeli, famae negotiator et salutis, uerborum et factorum operator, interpolator erroris et integrator ueritatis, furator eius et custos [chap. 46.]? (“What is there in common between a Christian and a philosopher, a disciple of Greece and a disciple of Heaven, a proclaimer of self and a proclaimer of salvation, a juggler with words and a doer of deeds, an introducer of error and an upholder of truth, a stealer of truth and its guardian?”) The proof of Tertullian’s statement can be gathered from the Clementine Homilies. This astonishing compilation of twenty Homilies,1 containing the preaching and table-talk of the Apostle St. Peter, has not received the attention that its contents demand, seeing that it presents us with a true picture of the Christian Church in the East from the second century onwards. The Homilies were believed from the time of their production (about 200 a.d.) until two hundred years ago to be the genuine writings of Clement of Rome, whom St. Paul salutes in his Epistle to the Romans. They are now known to be forgeries from A to Z. But they accomplished their work, and that work left its impress on the discipline...

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