New Light On The Passion Of Our Lord Jesus Christ -- By: E. S. Buchanan

Journal: Bibliotheca Sacra
Volume: BSAC 074:296 (Oct 1917)
Article: New Light On The Passion Of Our Lord Jesus Christ
Author: E. S. Buchanan


New Light On The Passion Of Our Lord Jesus Christ

E. S. Buchanan

New York City

One among many proofs of the genuineness of the readings for the Huntington Palimpsest is that they illuminate the Gospel story with new facts. The Gospel picture is not further defaced — it is restored. The text of our newly-found authority gives us some deeply interesting side-lights on our Lord’s Passion. In St. John 13:11, Eastern Texts read: —

“For He knew who should betray Him: therefore said He, Ye are not all clean.”

But our MS., partly supported by the Harley Irish Gospels, which have sancti (agioi), and not mundi (kaqaroi) gives us the following: —

“For He knew who was making himself the messenger of the Scribes and Pharisees: therefore, said He, Ye are not all holy (agioi).”

Judas was the paid agent of the Scribes; and it was the Jewish Scribes, and not the Jewish people, who crucified Christ. Again, in St. John 12:5, Eastern Texts tell us that Judas asked: —

“Why was not this ointment sold for three hundred pence and given to the poor?”

But the Western Text of our Palimpsest does not mention almsgiving and simply reads: — “Why was not this ointment sold to the Scribes and Pharisees?”

The traitor Judas was bound to the service of his real masters: and grudged therefore that the ointment should have been given to Jesus Christ.

In St. John 13:6, Eastern Texts read: —

“Then cometh He to Simon Peter: and Peter saith unto Him, Lord, dost Thou wash my feet?”

But the Western Text of our MS. reads: —

“The Lord Jesus was washing the feet of Simon Iscariot. Simon Peter saith: Lord, Thou wilt not wash his feet?”1

The magnificent pathos and beauty of this sublime act of his Saviour towards Judas has been expunged, and Simon Peter substituted for Simon Iscariot, that the primacy of St. Peter over the other Apostles might be asserted even in the order in which the Lord Jesus washed His disciples’ feet.

Confirmations of the newly-found text are not to be expected from late MSS. of the Fathers. All the MSS. of the Fathers have undergone, ever since the Vulgate was promulgated in 382 a.d., a searching revision by the servants of the Roman Catholic clergy who uphe...

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