“The Exodus In The Light Of Archeology” -- By: Harold M. Wiener

Journal: Bibliotheca Sacra
Volume: BSAC 075:300 (Oct 1918)
Article: “The Exodus In The Light Of Archeology”
Author: Harold M. Wiener


“The Exodus In The Light Of Archeology”

Harold M. Wiener

The Bibliotheca Sacra has been waging a campaign against the documentary criticism of the Pentateuch for many years now, and the American representatives of that criticism have sought their only safety in silence. But no sooner is a letter received making it probable that I am well out of the way than a partisan of the theory induces two of the leading critics of the country to speak of a “clear refutation” of my positions and an “irrefutable” answer. Well, the best-laid plans of mice and men gang aft agley, and it is still possible for me to take some steps in the matter.

Before I deal with the points of archaeology and criticism raised by Mr. Whatham’s article, a few words must be said about the complaint he has thought proper to make regarding his treatment. It is the case that his first attempt to obtain access to the Bibliotheca Sacra was unsuccessful. The reason appears clearly in the sentence he quotes from my letter. He had not troubled to familiarize himself with what I had written. Now, at the third attempt, he has still failed to perform this elementary duty, but his support by Professors Barton and Paton makes publication necessary. If conservatives complain that the documentary theorists ignore their work, they cannot refuse to give the latter a hearing when they claim that they are presenting a complete answer.

Therefore the critical professors must take the responsibility for forcing the publication of Mr. Whatham’s article.

The latter has gravely misrepresented me in a way that would have been impossible for anybody who had read my original paper on “The Date of the Exodus”1 carefully. He writes: —

“The eminent scholar, Mr. S. A. Cook, sees in the fact that Bedouin tribes were being admitted into Egypt to feed their herds on Egyptian soil in the reign of Merneptah reason for assuming that the Exodus must have taken place In the reign of Merneptah’s successor. The Rev. James Baikie, referring to the foregoing fact, adds that it appears in the report of an Egyptian official dated in the eighth yean of Merneptah — a report showing ‘the bringing in of a tribe of Semites to the lakes of Pithom, in the land of Succoth, to feed themselves and their herds.’ From this he also, with Cook and many others, puts the Exodus in the reign of Merneptah’s successor or after Merneptah’s Syrian campaign, which took place not later than the fifth year of Merneptah’s reign (The Story of the Pharaohs, p. 239). This important evidence is strangely omitted by Mr. Wiener in his original article on ‘The Date of th...

You must have a subscription and be logged in to read the entire article.
Click here to subscribe
visitor : : uid: ()