Jehovah -- By: Joseph D. Wilson

Journal: Bibliotheca Sacra
Volume: BSAC 076:302 (Apr 1919)
Article: Jehovah
Author: Joseph D. Wilson


Jehovah

Joseph D. Wilson

“Beginning from Moses and from all the prophets, he interpreted to them in all the scriptures the things concerning himself” (Luke 24:27, R. V.).

From the prophets our Lord could gather much concerning Himself; but how from Moses, i.e. the Pentateuch? Moses had indeed foretold, “A prophet shall the Lord your God raise up unto you like unto me.” This does refer to the Christ, but a perverse ingenuity will have it that some other prophet or a line of prophets must have been designed. Nevertheless, there is abundant reference to the world’s Redeemer in the books of Moses. It is in the word “Jehovah.”

In John 12:41 it is written, “These things said Isaiah, because he saw his [Christ’s] glory; and he spake of him.” In Isa. 6 we have the record. It was in the temple. The seraphim hovered about Him and cried, “Holy, holy, holy, is Jehovah of hosts.” The doorposts of the temple trembled. “Woe is me,” said Isaiah. “I am undone; for mine eyes have seen the King, Jehovah of hosts.” Jehovah of the Old Testament became incarnate in Jesus of Nazareth, at once human and divine. Jeremiah (13:5, 6) writes, “The days come, saith Jehovah, that I will raise unto David a righteous Branch,” — a human being, a descendant of David, — “and this is his name whereby he shall be called: Jehovah our righteousness.” It is not probable that the prophets understood this mystery — God manifest in the flesh, suffering as a human being, and glorified. St. Peter refers to their eager search (1 Pet. 1:10, 11) as if the fullness of the truth was not revealed until Christ came. Still, it is written in Moses and the prophets; and this paper is a search for the world’s Redeemer in the Pentateuch.

Jehovah appears in the Old Testament as God in Re-

demption. The name does not occur in Gen. 1. There Elohim, the Creator and Ruler of heaven and earth, is mentioned. Then, there was no sin and no need of redemption; but as soon as the history of man is taken up, the significant term appears. For man was a failure. He did not accomplish the design of his creation. He was made a little lower than God, Elohim (Ps. 8:5). What he would have become had he maintained his integrity we can only conjecture. What he will become th...

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