Statements Concerning The Hittites Affirmed By The Scriptures Confirmed By The Monuments -- By: William W. Everts

Journal: Bibliotheca Sacra
Volume: BSAC 081:321 (Jan 1924)
Article: Statements Concerning The Hittites Affirmed By The Scriptures Confirmed By The Monuments
Author: William W. Everts

Statements Concerning The Hittites Affirmed By The Scriptures Confirmed By The Monuments

Dr. William W. Everts

Dahumuun,1 an Egyptian Queen, wrote to a Hittite King: “My husband is dead. I have no son to succeed him. You have many sons. Will you not send one to become my husband?” This lady was the widow of Tut Ankh Amen and the daughter of Amenophis IV who, Zimmern says, made Joseph his Prime Minister.2

Sometime before3 a Hittite army had invaded Babylon, overthrown the Dynasty of Hammurabi and, on retiring, taken away the chief idols worshipped there, Marduk and Sarpanit, and left an altar to their own god. These two well established facts prove that at that early day the Hittites were equal, if not superior, to the great empires established on the Euphrates and the Nile. When the Pharaohs of the 18th and 19th dynasties had gained control of Palestine and Syria the Hittites fought them to a standstill and enabled Joshua to conquer the promised land without fear of an attack in the rear. When the Kings of Assyria, centuries later, endeavored to conquer Israel, the Hittites kept them to the East of the Euphrates and enabled David to extend his Kingdom up to that river. But when, after centuries of resistance, the Hittite capital at Carchemish was captured by Sargon II and its inhabitants were transported to the far East, Samaria surrendered to the same conqueror and its inhabitants were treated in the same way.

In the year 1887 the archives of Amenophis IV were found in the ruins of his capital, Amarna on the Nile between Memphis and Thebes. In this correspondence with his Vassals in Palestine and Syria, frequent reference was made to the encroachment of the Hittites. Hugo Winckler concluded from these letters that the headquarters of the Hittites was not in Syria but in Asia Minor beyond the Taurus mountains, in Cappadocia, at Bog-

hazkoi on the Halys. With a firman from the Sultan and with the powerful assistance of McRidy Bey of the Imperial Museum at Constantinople, he began excavations in 1906 and brought to light 20,000 clay tablets on which had been stamped with wedges, treatises and decrees of the royal court. Besides this Assyrian script, pictorial characters, 200 of them, originated by themselves, were employed especially for inscriptions on monuments. The cuneiform correspondence is now being published and is generally translatable, but the hieroglyphic remains are hidden by two locks, one is the unknown language and the other is the unknown symbols. It was a decree in three languages on the Behistun roc...

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