Flint Implements And Megalithic Monuments -- By: Pere Alois Mallon

Journal: Bibliotheca Sacra
Volume: BSAC 081:323 (Jul 1924)
Article: Flint Implements And Megalithic Monuments
Author: Pere Alois Mallon


Flint Implements And Megalithic Monuments

Pere Alois Mallon1

ON our way from Kerak to the Ghor we noticed megalithic tombs about a kilometer from the lower village of el-’Arâq, on the southern side of the valley. Each tomb, in its present state, is a rectangular enclosure, about three meters long by one and a half broad, surrounded by a circle of large stones. All the blocks of stone are half-buried in the ground, only their tops emerging. Originally, no doubt, the graves were covered with piles of stones in the form of cairns.

In the Ghôr proper we were not able to find any trace of flint artificially worked or of megalithic monuments, a fact which is not surprisng in view of the recent origin of the alluvium which covers this region. On the lower slopes of the mountain called Jebel el-Ubrush, in the middle of Arabic tombs, we found a rectangular construction about eight meters long and four wide. The walls, built of large rough blocks of stone, averaged a meter in thickness, but are almost completely ruined, only the southeastern corner being relatively intact. It is clear that this monument goes back into early historic times, at least.

Our big find was made considerably farther to the north, at Bâb ed-Drâ’ opposite the Lisân and not far from the tent-village of Mezra’ah. The first day of our work in this section, while other members of the party were making a plan of the sugar mills and Arab village at the mouth of the valley of ed-Drâ’, I devoted myself to an examination of the ground in the neighborhood. Almost immediately I noted flint artifacts, and was soon able to gather a respectable quantity. A little later I took the road leading in the direction of Kerak, and ascended the hills toward the east into a large plain which

the natives call Sahel ed-Drâ’. Before long I saw some cairns which, on closer examination, proved to follow all the rules of primitive tombs. Since it was already past noon, I was obliged to return to camp, but we resumed our study of the remains at Sahel ed-Drâ’ later.

In the course of our researches in the vicinity of Bâb ed-Drâ’, we discovered the remains of a vast station belonging to the Early Bronze period (circa 2600–2000 B. C), with a fortress on the north, on the edge of the Wadi ed-Drâ’, and a large number of tombs scattered on the east and south. Everywhere, both in the fortress and among the tombs in the plain, we found potsherds, bits of bronze, and flint artifacts of three types, whose certain contemporaneity and simultaneous presence constitute one of the most interesting facts in recent Palestinian archaeology. Pieces of bronze we...

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