The Genealogies Of Jesus Christ -- By: William Wallace Everts

Journal: Bibliotheca Sacra
Volume: BSAC 082:326 (Apr 1925)
Article: The Genealogies Of Jesus Christ
Author: William Wallace Everts

The Genealogies Of Jesus Christ

W. W. Everts

The four gospels open with the announcement that Jesus Christ was the son of Abraham, the son of God, the son of Adam and God himself. Only two of them tell of his birth, and both of these add a genealogy. Matthew places his as the title of his book, but Luke imitating the biographer of Moses, inserts his at the opening of the public ministry. A considerable part of the Old Testament is devoted to genealogies. In the New Testament Jesus is the only person whose genealogy is given. The Apostle Paul expressly warns both Timothy and Titus against the use of endless genealogies. He referred not to the genealogy of Christ which had an end, but to the Gnostic speculation which was beginning even then to fill the air with beings intermediate between God and man.

No reason has been given for the charge that these genealogies were fabricated. It was natural for the two Evangelists who tell of the infancy of Jesus to add his genealogy. Luke tells of his researches, and how he had “perfect understanding of all things from the first.” A genealogy prepared by such a painstaking biographer inspires the confidence of every unprejudiced reader.

These two genealogies are essential because they prove that Jesus was not a phantom as the Gnostics contended but bone of our bone and flesh of our flesh. They prove, as our Lord said, that, “Salvation is of the Jews.” They are connecting links between the Old Testament and the New. They show how God’s promises to Prophets and Patriarchs, yes to Adam himself, have been fulfilled to the letter. They are the title deed to the purchased possession, the royal pedigree of the son of David. Neither his character nor his miracles could establish his right to the throne of David. That must be determined by his physical descent.

When King Herod heard that the King of the Jews

had been born, he at once summoned the Scribes to tell him where the King was to appear. They replied in Bethlehem. Now Bethlehem was the town where David was born. The fulfillment of prophecy, a fact like that, outweighs any number of inferences. These genealogies are not afterthoughts added to explain the wonderful career of Jesus, they are not a new patch put on an old garment, but they were woven in the cloth when it was made.

They establish the deity as well as the humanity of Jesus and confirm the word of the angel to Mary, “that holy thing which shall be born of thee shall be called the Son of God,” for in the long list of fathers mentioned there is the significant omission of the name of a father of Jesus. A woman, the mother, was the only human being involved in the birth of Jesus. Th...

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