Coincidences Between The Old Hebrew And Other Literatures -- By: William Wallace Everts
BSac 83:332 (Oct 1926) p. 463
Coincidences Between The Old Hebrew And Other Literatures
In the history of Babylon L. W. King avers: “We have now in our hands material for reconstructing chronology back, without a serious break, to the middle of the third millennium.” This fact encourages the attempt to find coincidences between the old Hebrew and other literatures. From the ruins of Nippur alone, enough tablets have been recovered to fill sixty volumes. The library of Assurbanipal, the noble Asnapper, has been discovered. The so-called Limmu lists are royal annals, with each year named for some great man or event. There are synchronistical annals of Babylon and Nineveh for six hundred years much as the accounts of Judah and Israel in the books of kings and chronicles. Such synchronisms are invaluable to the historian. Fortunately there were two Greeks, Berosus and Ptolemy, one an historian, the other an astronomer, who preserved the royal lists with utmost care. Ptolemy begins his canon with Nabonassar 745 B. C. and ends with 229 B. C. There is a dated list of trade accounts running from 675 to 485 B. C. Besides, there were found at Tell-el-Amarna on the Nile 300 letters from Palestine and Syria from vassals of Amenophis third and fourth. With all these lists there is no fixed date. Astronomers calculated that June 15, 763 B. C. was the dark day predicted by the prophet Amos, “I will cause the sun to go down at noon and I will darken the earth in the clear day.” From that one year fixed, it was easy by addition or subtraction to fix all the years. The chronology of Babylon and Nineveh is not subject to the whims of philosophers, philologists or higher critics. These documents are not copies but originals. They were not prepared centuries after the events recorded. There
BSac 83:332 (Oct 1926) p. 464
is no room for a redactor. Where the events coincide with those of the Old Testament, the occupation of the higher critics is forestalled. Unfortunately what is true of Mesopotamia is not true of the valley of the Nile. To be sure Manetho preserved the years of the reigns of the Pharaohs of twenty-six dynasties, but there is no synchronistic list to control them and Egyptologists do not know whether these dynasties run parallel or succeed each other. More important still, no total eclipse was recorded there. Instead of the sun, the dog star is taken to regulate dates. It was known that every four years or 1,460 days an extra day must be added to the calendar. Someone, no one knows who, suggested that an extra year should be added every 1, 460 years. This was known as the Sothic period and it ran from one heliacal rising of the dog star to another. Such a rising was reported by Censorinus in the year 139 A. D. The...
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