Education And Religion -- By: Charles Franklin Thwing
BSac 86:343 (July 1929) p. 263
Education And Religion
III. Education And Religion In Relation To The Reason And Other Faculties Of Man
The first lecture was concerned with education and religion as experience; the second with education and religion as form and content. In the present lecture, I wish to consider education and religion as appealing to the reason and other faculties of man.
For, first and foremost, education does address itself to the human reason. By reason, I mean the whole intellectual faculty and function of man. I mean understanding; I mean the knowing, the thinking, the logical faculty. In it, I include the pure and the practical, the inductive and deductive, the logical and the discursive, the speculative, the theoretical, and the intuitive elements of reason.
To such a faculty, education addresses itself. As to the eye light comes, and the union of light and of the eye brings objects into its seeing, as to the ear come certain vibrations of the air, and the union of these vibrations with the ear gives what are called sounds, as to the touch comes hardness of objects, and as from the union follows a sensation—so an exterior sensation comes to the reason; from the union is derived knowledge or truth of the exterior world. This fact added to facts concerning man, concerning man’s history, man’s government, man’s affections, in fact concerning man’s entire relationships, represents the orderly processes or developments of reason. This whole process, begun in earliest youth, conducted through early or late adolescence, pushed forward into the third decade of the life, bearing knowledge of all sorts, supervised by teachers, systematized, adjusted part
BSac 86:343 (July 1929) p. 264
to part, progressive, proceeding from the simple to the complex, from the complex to the more complex, quickened by purpose, guided by wisdom, enforced by example, inspired by companionship, lifted up by worthiest idealism, represents the higher education. It stands for the crowning of the sovereignity of the human reason. Veritas, a word inscribed over three open books, forming the shield of the oldest American college, represents the authority of the reason. It is the force and the agent, knowing and declaring the truth. Lux, inscribed over the rising sun, as the shield of the third oldest college, and other colleges, too, stands likewise for the authority, the cause, the result, of the human reason.
There is the greater cause for emphasizing this truth of the appeal which the higher education makes to the reason, by reason of the voices in the air declaring that what some of us would hold to be secondary values of education, are indeed primary. It is said that the higher...
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