Arminianism In Its Influence Upon England -- By: J. L. Neve
BSac 88:350 (April 1931) p. 145
Arminianism In Its Influence Upon England
“Rational Theology”, Latitudinarianism
Literature: This review presupposes a knowledge of the conflict between Calvinism and Arminianism in Holland. On this subject the writer had an article in the Princeton Theological Review of January, 1928. Part II. of the article (“The Genius of Arminianism in the Light of its Future Development”) is of special interest for judging the situations here under discussion. As an easily obtainable well-balanced review, we refer to Schaff, Creeds of Christendom I, pp. 509-15. And as more recent thoroughgoing investigations we point to R. Seeberg, Lehrbuch der Dogmengeschichte, vol. 4, 3rd and 4th editions (1920), pp. 676-700, and O. Ritschl, Dogmengeschichte des Protestantismus, vol. 3 (1926), pp. 314-39.
As special literature on Arminianism in England we mention: W. Walker, History of the Christian Church, pp. 457ff. G. P. Fisher, History of Christian Doctrine, (1906), pp. 353ff. The articles pertinent to the here treated topics in the Protestantische Realencyklopaedie (PRE) and in the New Schaff-Herzog (NSH); also in the Encyclopedia Britannica, and in the Dictionary of National Biography (1885). The work of special value for us here is John Hunt, Religious Thought in England, vol. 1 (1870); also John Tulloch, Rational Theology and Christian Philosophy in England in the Seventeenth Century, vol. 1 (1872). R. Seeberg, et supra, 3rd and 4th edition, IV, 634ff. on “Anglo-Saxon Rationalism and Conservatism” etc.; cf. 694ff. on “Old and New Calvinism.”
Introductory Observations. It was through the affiliation with the Reformed wing of Protestantism on the continent
BSac 88:350 (April 1931) p. 146
in the post-reformation age that the conflict between Calvinism and Arminianism came into England. This was a conflict, however, which in the further development of English Protestantism could not have been avoided. We observe corresponding movements in the Lutheran Church. There conservative Lutheranism clashed with “Philipism” and “Melanchthonianism”. We must admit, however, that Melanchthonianism can only partly be compared with Arminianism. Seeberg has called attention to the fact that it was Melanchthon who looked upon the Church as having to watch over “pure doctrine.” Melanchthon’s position must be sought on the side of Conservatism, far more than this has been done in the discussions of the past, which compared him with Luther.1 But later we have the “Supernaturalism” that prepared the way for Rationalism, which f...
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