The Prophecy Of Hosea -- By: W. E. Crane

Journal: Bibliotheca Sacra
Volume: BSAC 089:356 (Oct 1932)
Article: The Prophecy Of Hosea
Author: W. E. Crane

The Prophecy Of Hosea

W. E. Crane


The plan of study is simple and is divided into four main parts. These four main divisions are: I. AUTHORSHIP; II. PURPOSE; III. DATE OF COMPOSITION; IV. TEACHINGS. The chief emphasis is placed on the last main division, viz., TEACHINGS.

I. Authorship

According to the words of Chapter 1:1 the Book of Hosea is of dual Authorship. . . . Divine and Human. . . . Jehovah and Hosea, the son of Beeri. As to the immediate, or human Authorship we are merely told that it is the work of “Hosea, the son of Beeri”. His home town is not mentioned though the detailed acquaintance with the geography and topography of the country and little known towns of the Northern Kingdom, as well as the subject of his prophecies, seem to point clearly to Northern Israel as his native habitat.

If we search the annals of history for his family history the facts obtainable are extremely meagre. The only other mention of “Beeri”, his father’s name, is found in Genesis 26:34. This Beeri of Genesis was the father of Esau’s wife, Judith, and he was of the nation of the Hittites. The name, Beeri, according to its etymology, is of Hamitic rather than Semitic origin, and the Hittites were descendants of Heth, the second son of Canaan. Such is the family history of the only other “Beeri” of the Scriptures, and his people were the original settlers of the land of Canaan.

Though the “Beeri” of Genesis lived some thousand years before Hosea’s time, it is possible that the father of Hosea was a lineal descendant and that Hosea was born and reared in that section of Palestine (the northern part)

which was the native home of his forebears. Though merely speculation it is at least an interesting possibility.

Another interesting suggestion is found in the original meaning of “Beeri”. According to Dr. A. B. Davidson the root meaning is “Expounder”. If there is anything in a name we may well suppose that Hosea’s talent for “expounding” God’s will was passed on to him from his “Expounder” father, Beeri.

If there should be historical discoveries to support these speculations, what a wealth of interest would gather about the prophet and his prophecy. The lineal descendant of the ancient family of Hittite settlers, living on the same soil trod by his forefathers from whom the land was taken by the first families of Israel in the land of Canaan. A most interesting and intensely fascinating story might find its plot in such romantic possibilities.


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