The Holy Spirit in the Old Testament Part 2 -- By: Carl Armerding

Journal: Bibliotheca Sacra
Volume: BSAC 092:368 (Oct 1935)
Article: The Holy Spirit in the Old Testament Part 2
Author: Carl Armerding

The Holy Spirit in the Old Testament
Part 2

Carl Armerding

(Concluded from the July-September number)

[Note: This article, concluded in this issue, is a condensation of the 1935 lectures delivered by the author on the W. H. Griffith Thomas Foundation in May. All quotations of Scripture in this series are taken from the New Translation by J. N. Darby.-Editor.]

III. The Prophetical Books

1. Hitherto in our studies we have seen the Holy Spirit acting in and through men of like passions to ourselves. Baptism by the Spirit into one body was as yet unknown and therefore there was no corporate testimony of worldwide significance such as we have now in the church. The Spirit’s actions thus far have been restricted to certain individuals, and for the most part, to one nation and one country, but always as the Spirit of grace.

In the prophetical books we see the Holy Spirit in an entirely different role and in relationship, not to ordinary men only, but to the Messiah Himself. We have just seen how the nation rejected the Spirit’s testimony through Zechariah. He had warned them “But they refused to hearken, and turned a rebellious shoulder, and made their ears heavy that they should not hear. And they made their heart as an adamant, that they should not hear the words of the law, and the words that Jehovah of hosts sent by his Spirit by the hand of the former prophets: therefore was there great wrath from Jehovah of hosts” (Zech 7:11, 12). So, instead of the Spirit of grace we find now “the Spirit of judgment” and “the Spirit of burning” (Isa 4:4). A veritable baptism of fire must consume until all that offends is burned up and “the Lord shall have washed away the filth of the daughters of Zion, and shall have scoured out the blood of Jerusalem from its midst” (Ibid.).

But in doing this the Spirit will operate through the Man who is here introduced as the Lord [Adonai] and in Isaiah 11 as “the shoot out of the stock of Jesse, and a branch out of his roots.” “And the Spirit of Jehovah shall rest upon him.” That word “rest” is significant. “John bore witness, saying, I beheld the Spirit descending as a dove from heaven, and it abode upon him. And I knew him not; but he who sent me to baptize with water, he said unto me, Upon whom thou shalt see the Spirit descending and abiding on him, he it is who baptizes with the Holy Spirit. And I have seen and borne witness that this is the Son of God” (John 1:32...

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