Exegetical Studies in Zechariah Part 3 -- By: Charles Lee Feinberg

Journal: Bibliotheca Sacra
Volume: BSAC 097:388 (Oct 1940)
Article: Exegetical Studies in Zechariah Part 3
Author: Charles Lee Feinberg

Exegetical Studies in Zechariah
Part 3

Charles Lee Feinberg

(Continued from the July-September Number, 1940)

II. The Prophet’s Night-Visions, 1:7-6:15.

a. The Vision of the Horses, 1:7-17.

After the prophet’s introductory admonition to his people, he turns immediately to a setting forth of a series of night-visions granted him some months after his first prophecy. “In the twenty-fourth day of the eleventh month, which is the month Shebat, in the second year of Darius, the word of Jehovah came to Zechariah the son of Berechiah, the son of Iddo, the prophet, saying” (v. 7). The date is more fully given here than in verse 1 which notes the call of Zechariah to the prophetic office. Here the day, three months after the first prophecy and five months after work on the temple had been resumed (Hag 1:14, 15), is designated because of its significance and associations, evidently a day in which God had pleasure because of the obedience of His people.

But more important than the date are the visions that came to the prophet at that time. In verses 8–13 the vision is given; in verses 14–17 the explanation is presented. “I saw in the night and behold a man riding on a red horse, and he was standing among the myrtles which were in the deep place; and after him there were horses, red, sorrel, and white” (v. 8). The prophet saw his apocalyptic visions in an ecstatic condition, not in a dream, in which case we should expect חלמתי instead of ראיתי. Such was the state of Peter when on the housetop of the home of Simon the tanner at Joppa. Cf. Acts 10:10; 11:5 (the word translated trance is the Greek ἔκστασις). Chambers describes this phenomenon well, saying, “A man’s usual state when under the control of the senses and able to see only what his own faculties discover, is one of spiritual sleep; but an ecstatic condition, in which the senses and the entire lower life are quiescent, and

only pictures of divine objects are reflected in the soul as in a pure and bright mirror, is one of spiritual waking.”You must have a subscription and be logged in to read the entire article.
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