A Resume of Recent Archaeological Research -- By: James L. Kelso

Journal: Bibliotheca Sacra
Volume: BSAC 097:388 (Oct 1940)
Article: A Resume of Recent Archaeological Research
Author: James L. Kelso

A Resume of Recent Archaeological Research

J. L. Kelso

During the last World War P. S. P. Handeock published a book entitled The Archaeology of the Holy Land. It was an attempt to summarize and evaluate all the archaeological research done in Palestine up to that date. The present series of articles is an attempt now in this second World War to give a skeleton outline of the present state of Biblical archaeology in Palestine and related countries.

First, one notes that since the opening of the tomb of Tutankhamen in 1922, all America has become archaeology conscious and today archaeology is a major news item in all newspapers. Thus the average non-Christian now has an open ear to Biblical archaeology. Therefore all wise Bible teachers will avail themselves of this good favor, and use the findings of Biblical archaeology prominently whenever available.

Second, liberalism has been forced to admit the historicity of the Old Testament. To be true, the older critics will not admit this, but the younger generation of liberals and the middle-of-the-road scholars now grant that the Bible is a historical book, although their interpretation of the Bible’s historical data is by no means always satisfactory to a conservative. But Wellhausenism is dead, and to Biblical archaeology goes the credit of its death.

Third, the Bible is being recognized more and more by secular scholars as the finest document from antiquity and they use it to illustrate the archaeology and history not only of Palestine, but of other peoples and their history where it is referred to in the Bible.

Fourth, the translation of newly found religious literature dating from Bible days only makes more evident the unique nature of the Bible as a religious document. The Bible so transcends all other ancient literature that its inspiration is demonstrated to any sincere student of antiquity. Scholars

may have a science of comparative religion for antiquity, but the Bible is no party to it. For archaeology has demonstrated that beyond comparative religion lies the Bible-a unique revelation.

Now for the history of the science of Biblical archaeology since the last World War, we notice the following items. Palestinian archaeology has now become a true science. In the days before the first World War its techniques were new and experimental, its findings were scanty in quantity, and so little co-operation was present between the various nations engaged in the work, that although much of their research has stood the test of time, much of it has had to be revised. Thus at the close of the World War when the archaeologists began again to dig, they started afresh ...

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