Exegetical Studies in 1 Peter Part 5 -- By: Everett F. Harrison

Journal: Bibliotheca Sacra
Volume: BSAC 098:390 (Apr 1941)
Article: Exegetical Studies in 1 Peter Part 5
Author: Everett F. Harrison


Exegetical Studies in 1 Peter
Part 5

Everett F. Harrison

(Continued from the January-March Number, 1941)

Exhortation to Hope, Holiness, Godly Fear and Brotherly Love (1:13-25)

The hortatory note comes out earlier in First Peter than is common in Paul’s writings. Yet the wherefore, coming after a panoramic unfolding of the sweep of salvation from its prophetic foregleams to its final consummation in glory, reminds one of the similar appeal of Romans 12:1, grounded as it is in the mercies of God, which cover the same realm of truth Peter has dwelt upon, though with obvious variations. This rough parallel is confirmed when we observe that in verse 14 Peter employs the verb συσχηματίζομαι, which is found also in Romans 12:2 and nowhere else in the New Testament. Relationship to God in salvation calls for a conformity to the divine standard in daily life.

The initial plea deals with hope. Thinking of the believer once more as a pilgrim, needing to gather his flowing robes and secure them lest they impede his progress, Peter admonishes to an even more essential girding of the mind, a focusing of mental powers upon the course of life, compassed as it is with temptation and hardship, which will be illumined at last by the Savior who comes to take us to Himself. The girding must be accompanied by spiritual alertness (νήφοντες), which conveys the thought of constant watchfulness, and associates with itself the ideas of sobriety and temperance that befit such an attitude. The word occurs again in 5:8. Some uncertainty exists as to whether τελείως belongs with νήφοντες or with the imperative ἐλπίσατε. Petrine usage favors linking the adverb with the preceding rather than the following verbal. On the other hand, there is less awkwardness if we take the latter construction-hope perfectly, without reservation.

Perhaps it is the difficulty of associating the thought of

grace with future glorification that has led some expositors to assign the revelation of Jesus Christ in this verse to the present time. It is possible in this way to handle the participle φερομένην to good advantage. Grace is being brought to us continuously, and with it comes a further unveiling of our Lord (c...

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