Exegetical Studies in Zechariah Part 6 -- By: Charles Lee Feinberg
BSac 98:392 (Oct 41) p. 447
Exegetical Studies in Zechariah
(Continued from the April-June Number, 1941)
II. The Prophet’s Night-Visions, 1:7-6:15.
e. The Vision of the Candlestick and the Two Olive Trees, 4:1-14.
The fifth vision of the book carries us forward from the concluding point of the fourth in this manner: after Israel as the priestly nation of God has been cleansed from all defilement and has entered into the restoration of her priestly calling, then she is prepared to fulfill God’s original purpose in her as the bearer of light and truth to all the surrounding nations in their idolatry and paganism. In Deuteronomy 32:8 Moses sang: “When the Most High gave to the nations their inheritance, When he separated the children of men, He set the bounds of the peoples according to the number of the children of Israel.” God’s intention was that Israel might diffuse spiritual light throughout the whole world by disseminating the truth concerning the living and the true Creator of all men. Cf. Ezekiel 5:5, 6.
While Israel is surely in view in the chapter, the foreground occupies itself with an individual, Zerubbabel, a scion of the Davidic dynasty. Just as chapter three brings Joshua and his work to the fore in order to encourage him, so this chapter presents Zerubbabel as prominent that he might be heartened for his arduous tasks. It must be remembered that the Davidic descendant has been much hindered in his attempt to build the temple of the Lord. Zechariah brings him the message of hope and uplift so sorely needed. Zerubbabel is made to understand that the work in the last analysis is dependent upon God rather than upon any human agent or instrumentality. Dods has well stated it in holding that “The preceding vision was meant to reinstate the religious head of the nation; this is meant to give Zerubbabel, the civil head, the assurance that he also is God’s anointed, endowed with
BSac 98:392 (Oct 41) p. 448
power from God to do God’s work, as truly as ever any of his royal forefathers had been.”1
This chapter allows of a simple, two-fold division: (1) the vision proper, verses 1–5; (2) the interpretation of the symbolism, 6–14. It is interesting to note the emphasis on the number seven in this vision: seven lamps, seven pipes, and the seven eyes. The chapter itself consists of fourteen verses, a multiple of seven. But of the full significance of this num...
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