Exegetical Studies in Zechariah Part 8 -- By: Charles Lee Feinberg

Journal: Bibliotheca Sacra
Volume: BSAC 099:394 (Apr 1942)
Article: Exegetical Studies in Zechariah Part 8
Author: Charles Lee Feinberg

Exegetical Studies in Zechariah
Part 8

Charles Lee Feinberg

(Continued from the January-March Number, 1942)

II. The Prophet’s Night-Visions, 1:17-6:15.

h. The Vision of the Four Chariots, 6:1-8.

There is a close relationship between this vision and the preceding ones of the fifth chapter. Just as the Lord will judge His nation for their unfaithfulness and disobedience, so He will visit the godless nations of the world who have arrayed themselves against Israel. Judgment, severe and irrevocable, will be the portion of both. Dods rightly states the object of the vision thus: “To convey the assurance that the reestablished order and peace of Israel, depicted in the foregoing visions, would not again be disturbed by the powers which had hitherto molested and oppressed God’s people.”1 Similarity exists between the first and last visions of the series of night-visions. The eighth vision concludes the cycle of the series; in its use of symbolism like that of the first vision it denotes the accomplishment of the purposes outlined from the very outset. There, horses and riders were seen engaged in the work of reconnoitering; here, war chariots are the instruments of the divine judgment. That which was determined of God through the findings of His scouting agents in chapter one is fully executed in chapter six through the chariots.

The distinctive features of the last vision are given in four particulars: (1) the place of departure of the chariots (verse 1); (2) the color of the horses (verses 2 and 3); (3) the meaning of the symbol of the chariots (verses 4 and 5)

and (4) the destinations of the chariots (verses 6, 7, and 8). The prophet brings the vision before us thus: “And again I lifted up my eyes, and saw, and behold, four chariots came forth from between the two mountains; and the mountains were mountains of brass” (v. 1). What is the meaning of the four chariots? Many expositors see in this figure a reference to the four great empires of Daniel’s prophecy (Pusey, Wright, Dennett, Kimchi, and others). Kelly states positively: “The four chariots are an unmistakable reference (mutatis mutandis) to the course of earthly power as already made known in detail by Daniel.”You must have a subscription and be logged in to read the entire article.
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