Exegetical Studies in Zechariah Part 10 -- By: Charles Lee Feinberg

Journal: Bibliotheca Sacra
Volume: BSAC 099:396 (Oct 1942)
Article: Exegetical Studies in Zechariah Part 10
Author: Charles Lee Feinberg


Exegetical Studies in Zechariah
Part 10

Charles Lee Feinberg

(Continued from the July-September Number, 1942)

III. The Question and the Answer Concerning Fasting, 7:1-8:23.

d. The Restoration of God’s Favor, 8:1-17.

The prelude and background to this chapter are to be found in the previous chapter where the urgent and perplexing question of the people was met with rebuke and sad warnings from the past history of Israel. In the seventh chapter of his prophecy Zechariah contented himself, through the directing Spirit of God, with revealing the spiritual emptiness of the nation’s fastings and ceremonies and the basic and actuating cause of all their woes. The problem of the nation has been treated only from the negative standpoint. But God has the positive answer to their query and this we find in the chapter before us. Zechariah now points with the unerring finger of prophecy to the glorious future God has in store for His people, Israel, and the exact manner in which He will ultimately remove all their fasts. As in other passages of the prophetic Scriptures, many in number, here we find the chastisement and judgment of God upon sin and unbelief followed by words of consolation and hope. The heart of God, overflowing with love, will not allow Israel to think that He is intent on judgment alone, for judgment is His strange work. Love, mercy, and grace are the work in which He delights.

Our chapter lends itself easily to division. There are two broad divisions: (1) the passage from verse 1 to 17, and (2) the portion from verse 18 to 23. Each section in turn

falls into several parts, each beginning with the words: “Thus saith Jehovah of hosts.” Compare verses 2, 3, 4, 6, 7, 9, 14, 19, 20, and 23. The name Jehovah occurs in the chapter some twenty-two times, the purpose being to lend assurance and fixedness to all that is predicted. If chapter seven was designed to awaken the consciences of the people, then this chapter purposed to pour into the hearts of the godl...

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